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Alternate History: Ghengis Khan Dead before invasion. Part 1: The forging of an empire.

  What would the world be like, if the greatest Mongolian Khan had died before he could uptake any of his invasions. How would the world be? The Mongol invasions may seem like a piece of history that wouldn't effect history long-term, but it would.

First, the Mongol invasions in Europe supposedly began the end of the European dark ages, the Chinese trade flowing in once more to Europe after their invasion. Secondly, Temur and Babur, famous descendants of Temujin would not exist, due to his death, which eliminates any Mughal India or Temurid empire.

Now, you need to find a suitable time to kill off Temujin. Fairly early, before he gains any political influence. So I've chosen when he was kidnapped. In the OTL, he killed his guard and escaped. But in this time-line he will fail to do so, and be executed by the enemy clan.

1155-1162 - "Temujin", son of a Borjigin Chieftain is born.


1165-1172 - Yusugei, Chieftain of the Borjigin tribe is poisoned and dies. Yusugei's wife and children, including Temujin are exiled to the plains.


1166-1173 - Temujin kills one of his brothers, because he is trying to steal food that the family has saved up. This shows the young man's ruthlessness, something which was formidable in a Mongol at the time.


1167-1174 - Temujin is kidnapped by an enemy clan while out hunting. He is executed soon after. The family of Temujin, without him soon starve in the steppes, the family dead in a matter of months.


1180 - Markit clansmen kidnap the Qongirat Chieftain's daughter, Borte. She is killed soon after, her father and family wondering of what came to her. (Borte was the first wife of Temujin, and actually was kidnapped. I'm assuming she would be killed if he hadn't saved her.)


1181-1195 - A stunning army under the force of a man named Togrul, and a younger man Jamuka speed through Mongolia, defeating common enemies together.


1195 - Khuriltai assembly. Several Chieftains of Mongol tribes come together, and elect Togrul and Jamuka as the Khans of Mongolia, both given the title Genghis. (In OTL, Temujin was elected Genghis Khan of Mongolia. Togrul was an old friend of Temujin's father, Jamuka a younger Chieftain who had joined him. The three were allies, but soon drifted apart. So Togrul and Jamuka still met up in this TL, but are largely friendly, and in turn elected the rulers of Mongolia.) They are named, Genghis Togrul Khan, and Genghis Jamuka Khan.


1196 - Despite being elected, many Chieftains protest the election. There can only be one emperor on earth, just as there was one god in heaven. The twin Khans(as they were nicknamed), gathered a fierce army, and went about destorying all Chieftains that protested their twin rule. They gave the common quote: "One emperor, one god. We cannot know for sure if we are right, so let us look forward without problems and take all."


1200 - The last Mongol tribe questioning the divine rule of the Twin Khans is defeated. (In OTL, the last tribe was 1204. But these are two men, commanding different armies, both skilled. It would be quicker. On a side note, Togrul protested the election and was killed in the OTL, but since Temujin is dead..and he was elected, no protest, obviously.)


1202 - Second Khuriltai assembly. Togrul and  Jamuka are once again proclaimed the Twin Khans of Mongolia. This election was far more serious, with no protests from Mongol clans. The Twin Khans give a famous speech of gaining more land for the Mongols, and to forge an empire larger than the earth it's self. (OTL, the second Khuriltai was convened in 1206, but since the last tribe was killed 4 years earlier, the second assembly was four years earlier than the OTL.)


1203 - Togrul releases a list of teachings, written on papyrus with military techniques both he and Jamuka had used in the 1196-1200 campaigns(named the four year war by the Mongols). It begins a mass re-working on the Mongolian army.


Cavalry are held above all, as all Mongolians learned to ride when they were young. Infantry was on a lower scale, and the whole army was reformed in a decimal system, something which most tribes men scoffed at. These teachings are called the Togrul Code.


1204 - The Twin Khans invade China. China was divided into three. The Jin and Tangut kingdoms in the north, the Sung in the south. The Jin was hit first by the two armies raised by Togrul and Jamuka, and were quickly overwealmed and forced to fall back behind it's lines.


The invasion of China marked not only a turning point, but rapidly changed the Mongolian military. Chinese engineers were conscripted into the Mongolian populace, and made to build siege machines. Soon trebuchets, battering rams, and mongonels became common in the Mongolian army, and for "testing", a Mongolian siege regiment knocked down a ten mile stretch of the Great Wall, known today as the "scar of the Mongols".


With Togrul effectively handeling the war against the Jin, Jamuka rides off and directly conquers Manchuria with his cavalry units and siege equipment built by the enslaved Chinese. The territory was large, and a nice addition to the growing Mongolian kingdom.


1205 - Jin cannot fight back against the streams of Mongols pouring forth and collapses into anarchy. Togrul takes this chance and marries the only daughter of the Jin emperor, effectively making him emperor of the Jin kingdom(after killing all of the former emperors sons). The young princess bares him three children, all girls. They remain in the former Jin capital for the rest of their lives, marrying Mongolian nobility.


Siege of Pyongyang. The Koreans were silent and un-nerving, neither insulting or facing the Mongols. Yet Jamuka laid siege to this city and captured it near the end of the year, extending Mongolian influence to northern Korea.


1206 - Togrul, after refueling and resting his army, invades the Tang kingdom. It too faces hard pressure from both the Mongolian army led by Togrul, Manchu raiders from the Mongol held Manchuria, and lastly peasant revolts from the lack of food and supplies. Major Chinese cities are laid waste too, and by the end of the year Peking is defeated by the Mongols, forced to lay Prostrate before them, effectly bringing all of Northern China under Mongol control.


Siege of Seoul. The Koreans once again faced attack from Jamuka and his army which had refueled in Pyongyang. The city held out bitter resistance, but soon fell to Jamuka with a combination of stavation, siege weaponry, and cavalry. All of Korea is under Mongolian control, although the Korean nobility and royalty flee and establish court on a tiny island off the coast of Korea, and continue to rule.


1207 - Togrul is coronated as "Emperor of China and Mongolia", while Jamuka is coronated as "King of Korea and Mongolia". The twin Khans have not seen eachother in over two years, but know of eachothers deeds. They reunite in Peking, and replish their armies. They plan a march to the south in the coming year with a refueled army of siege weaponry, Mongolian cavalry, Chinese infantry, Manchurian Cavalry, and Korean infantry.


The Imperial records in Peking are opened up and their secrets revealed to Togrul and Jamuka. They invite the wisest Mongolians to the city to begin using these records to better perfect Mongolian society. The Chinese elite of the city are also recruited, although they are less than overjoyed by the circumstances.


1208 - Invasion of Sung China. The dual army of Togrul and Jamuka bee-lines through easily, putting pressure on the Sungs to surrender while they have a chance. The Mongols take advantage of the knowledge of gunpowder from the Imperial records, putting it in barrels with a long oil cloth coming out. The cloth would be ignited with a flame, which would later make the gunpowder combust, creating a crude explosive. These bomb-like items were used in the siege of the Sung capital, which led to it's fall later in the year.


Togrul is crowned emperor of China, ridding himself of the "northern emperor". Jamuka doesn't object, for he is already king of Korea and Khan of Mongolia.


1209 - Mongolian governors are installed in the conquered areas of China, Manchuria, and Korea, to prevent any uprising. Togrul and Jamuka return back towards Mongolia, their army carrying as much loot as possible.


Mongolians from the steppes are conscripted into service in China and Korea, to act as imperial garrisons, as the Twin Khans do not yet trust the Chinese enough to let them protect themselves. Togrul promotes "rule in time" depriving the Chinese of their rights until they are loyal to the Mongolian regime.


1209 also marks the first year since 1203 where there has not been war. Togrul is growing old, weary of battlement. He spoke in staggering slurs in Mongolia, and soon left it to retire in China, effectively installing the "Kereit"dynasty in the now united kingdom.


1210 - Togrul dies, after months of agony. He is succeeded by his son Yasaq, who also took his title Khan of Mongolia. Jamuka accepts the appointment and meets Yasaq in Peking. Yasaq had plans, to march south, into the weak confused states of Southern Asia, and asked Jamuka to go with him. The king of Korea agrees, and they march together to southern China, refueling and refreshing their dual-army with Chinese recruits, siege weaponry, and some gunpowder weaponry, tread southward.


1211 - Invasion of the Southern states. SE Asia was a confused mess in 1210, a mix of Thai, Khmer, and Viet kingdoms, none which could muster even an army to fight off the Mongol yoke. Cities in the southern area fall with ease, although supply lines and the harsh jungles result in some of the first Mongol defeats.


1212 - Jamuka and Yasaq install Mongolian governors and garrisons in the Southern states, relying on the late Tugrul's "rule in time" policy to keep the natives subdued. The duo make a visit to the Angkor Wat in Khmer, locking the doors behind them, make personal prayers to the Mongol gods. Yet Jamuka and Yasaq had grown apart in their recent invasion, their short friendship slowly turning into bitter enemies. The two left Southern Asia, changed.


1213 - Yasaq sends a messanger to Jamuka, speaking of the states east of Mongolia that could be easily brought under their sphere of influence, in time. Jamuka sends reply back that such an attack would be foolish, and that he will not spare his troops for such "suicide". This angers Yasaq, and war is declared.


1214-1220 - The Mongolian civil war. The elder Mongols never thought that the two Khans of Mongolia would fight a war against EACH OTHER. The Mongol empire became torn. Korea, Manchuria, and eastern Mongolia pledged alligniance to Jamuka, whilst Western Mongolia, and China pledged alligniance to Yasaq. The states of Southern Asia remained neutral in the conflict, being too backwards to contribute anything to either side.


The Mongol govenors of the southern region become de-facto independant rulers. They embrace Bhuddism and become "Princes". Petty wars are fought(largely overshadowed by the civil war going on), and by 1220 there are two princes with secular states. Prince Esqure of Khmer, which included the Khmer and western Siam region, and Prince Modiro of Annam which included eastern Siam, the Malay pennensula, and Annam. These regions after the war were no longer considered in the sphere of the Mongoloid empire, and the Mongols only introduced Chinese arts and Mongol military techniques, adopting a culture, an odd breed of Chinese, Mongol, and South Asian ways, in these southern "Prince-doms".


In 1215, 1218, and 1219, Khuriltai assemblies are called. The '15 and '18 assemblies are called by Jamuka to elect another Twin Khan, which produces nothing but half-hearted canadates which later step down from the position. the '19 assembly was called by the elders, to elect two new Khans to start a new. It however is crushed by Yasaq's forces, and nothing is produced.


The the first major battle occured outside Peking. Jamuka laid siege to the city, but Yasaq with wonderful techniques unleashed fire-works and other gunpowder items to scare off Jamuka's army. Jamuka's army retreated soon after, lacking any large siege supplies which it could only recieve in China.


Manchuria fell to Yasaq's forces in early '16, after 1214 was spent rebuilding Peking after the siege, 1215 re-arming and re-training the lax Chinese garrisons. Manchuria had no stiff resistance, as the Manchus lacking any sort of culture had assimilated into the Mongol way of life. Yasaq promises "rule in time" and marched onward.


Jamuka was facing hard times. He was cut away from any form of siege equipment, and his Manchu horsemen had fallen away to Yasaq's forces. The Koreans were relucktant to aid their king - he had destoried two of their most famous cities, which had yet to be rebuilt. In '17 and '18, Yasaq's forces pushed down into Korea. They rebuilt Pyongyang and Seoul in Chinese-Mongoloid style, and Jamuka was chased from the Korean pennusula, but safely got on a boat, taking voluntary exile in Nippon. The former royal family of Korea returned to Korea, becoming governors under Yasaq's regime. The Koreans had earned what was promised to the Chinese, and earlier the southern asians. "Rule in time".


1220 was the end of the war. Eastern Mongolia was absorbed, and the Mongol empire was united into one, aside from the Khmer and Annamese princedoms in Southern Asia.


1221 - Khuriltai assembly. The elders attempt to hold an election for yet another time, to elect a Khan to rule along side Yasaq. But it is silenced. Instead, Yasaq promotes yet another idea, featured in a letter written to the elders: "I am the Ghengis Khan. Below me, prostrated before me are the Lord Khans, one for each region we take in our rush for a worldly empire. Below the Lord Khans are the Vessal Khans, 2 for each Lord Khan, to serve and maintain the peace." Thus it was done. Only one Khan would rule the empire of the Mongols, which would pass from father to son. The Lord Khans would be chosen by the Genghis Khan, the vessals choosen by the Lords.


1222 - Yasaq wished to set forth to invade Khwarizim, only delayed by the fact that his army was still worn from the civil war which had nearly left the Mongolian ruling system in ruins. Khwarizim was an area east of Mongolia, an Islamic state under the Shah, his capital at Samarkand a city which extracted the riches of the silk road, or atleast did when it functioned.


1223 - Refueled and rested, a newly raised army leaves for Khwarizim. It consisted of Mongolian and Manchu cavalry, Chinese siege equipment, Chinese and Korean infantry, and gun-powder rockets. It was swift and caught the Khwarizim people off guard. Otar fell to Mongols with ease, and found Samarkand in their grasp by the fall. (Also, Temujin was known for burning down the cities which he took. Togrul and Jamuka(and decendants) keep the city, over-throw the elite of the city and ruler, replacing them with Mongols. They are known for keeping the beaurocratic practices of the Chinese, later applying them to other cities, and adopting Korean and Khmer, Thai and Viet ways, never applying anything "Mongol" besides military design.)


1224 - The Mongol armies pour over Iran and Afganistan, laying siege and occupying any city possible. The Mongols have struck deep into the heart of Islam, and conversions are becoming full-spread through the army. It is dubbed the "White army", for the soldiers adopt clean white robes, like the Imam's of Islam.


Jalal ad-Din Mingburu, the Shah of Khwarizim becomes a vessal to Yasaq. In return, he is made Lord Khan of the Khwarizim region, if he supplies fresh recruits and tribute yearly to Peking(Peking has offically become the center of the Mongol world, which is odd considering Peking is mainly ethnic Chinese!).


1225 - Merv, the Queen of Cities is occupied after a long siege by the Mongol forces. Yasaq pays his tribute at the local mosque, and when asked what his religion is by a soldier, he merely said: "I don't know. Maybe my decendants will tell you in time!"


From Merv the forces headed south, towards the Red City, and City of Sighs. Yet another religion was closing in on the Mongols: Hinduism. Yet they had conquered Bhuddism, and Islam. Hinduism would just aid the Mongols in their conquest of cities, and refixing them to work effectively.


1226 - The two cities are occupied early in the year, but Yasaq keeps from going deeper into India. India is a land of harsh jungles, and is personally asked by Jalal to continue invasions towards the rest, for the safety of both Yasaq and his troops. Yasaq agrees, and they leave the Hindu kush towards the Abbasid Caliphate, streching from Baghdad to Cairo, to Spain even. It was under the rule of the Caliph Al-Mustansir at the time, and would be a perfect edition to the Mongoloid empire.


1227 - Baghdad is invaded and occupied after a long siege by the Mongol forces. Al-Mustansir flees to Cairo, but it does not matter. The center of Islam has been occupied, and in a frenzy Yasaq crowns himself Caliph of Islam. He is not a Muslim, but states that he has taken the city, and has the right. From Baghdad the army pours in three directions. Towards Egypt, towards Jersalem, and towards Constaniople.


The Mongol empire is the mighiest the world has seen. It stretches from the steppes of Mongolia to China, Manchuria and Korea, Iran and Afganistan, and even the heart of the Islamic world, mesopatamia.


1228 - Armies attack Jerusalem and Cairo, and fall to the advanced tactics of the Mongols, not to mention the powerful siege weaponry employed from China. The Khan boasts that he controls the city sacred to both "Jews, Muslims, and Christians".


Yet the Mongols freedom of religion and other politcal items do not cause dissent amongst the local people who fall up the spheres of the Mongoloid empire. Yasaq promotes "rule in time" to Mesopatamia, Palestine, and Egypt, installing Mongolian "Lord-Khans" in the region, and garrisons are raised from able bodied Mongols, brought in from the steppes.


The Mongols send Muslim philosophers and scientists to Peking, to further the cause. The Mongols are considered a band of people who merely assimilate to more advanced cultures. It is true, but the Mongols mixed-adaptation is helping them muchly.


Restoration of the silk road. Once more trade is being sent through the silk road, to reconnect the east with the west. The road is more stable that it was under the three kingdoms, and all caravans are protected thanks to Mongol installed toll houses along the road, which extract a bit of tax from the caravasai.


1229 - Attack on Constaniople. The Mongol army under Yasaq is routed, and the great Khan is forced to retreat as his forces are shattered by a liquid flame spewed from the Byzantine navy..Greek fire. Yasaq makes it back to Jerusalem, only to tell the people of the dangerous tool.


North Africa and Spain are now de-facto independant of the Keresit Caliphate, viewing the new Caliphs as foreign, unable to truely represent a universal united Islam. These two regions split into divided Taifas, largely ignored by the Mongolian empire due to the fact there are more pressing issues at hand.


1230 - Yasaq decides to turn away from Constaniople, and enter Europe from a different route. His wisest generals suggest a trek through Siberia towards the city-states of Muscovy. There they would have access into Europe, through Poland and Hungary. It is agreed to, and a new army is raised in Baghdad and marched towards Siberia and Muscovy..


Simular armies are also raised, in Peking, Cairo, Samarkand, Seoul, and Kakakorum, each using mixed ideas from different regions that had been invaded. The raised armies are known as "The Khans Army", the largest raised army in Medieval history.


1231 - The majority of the year was spent treking Siberia. The large army was slowed by horrible weather, disease, and even mutiny. This snapped Yasaq to reality. He may be forging a large empire, but how would he ever hold it together? The Lord-Khans of each region were as loyal as his soldiers, but he knew that even they could forge a kingdom like those in Southern Asia.


1232 - Muscovy invaded. The massive Khan's army quickly pushed into Muscovy. The army number 900,000 men. It had been almost 1.5 million in 1230, but some died, and some settled down in Siberia to populize the area.


Muscovy's way of fighting is useless against the trained Mongol hordes, and many Russian cities are occupied and the way of life of the invaders are enforced. Mangonels knock down walls, and Ballistas knock down towers.


1233 - Novgorod is occupied by the Mongols, and effectively Kievan self-rule ends. The cities however do take easily to the change, and Chinese secrets once hidden away seep into the region, further aiding their way of life.


Yasaq has been constantly moving since 1210, never resting. Now 60, he can recall when he defeated Jamuka and united the Twin Khanates into one. He has seen Egypt and even Europe. With this call, he installs Mongol governors in the Rus region, leaving behind pieces of his army as garrisons, and quickly prepares to ride back to Peking, to live the rest of his life in peace.


1235 - Yasaq is greeted openly as he enters Peking, with a full celebration. The people cheer and cheer for their emperor, large baskets of flowers tossed around as he parades into the Forbidden city. With a bow out, he enters the palace to live the rest of his life in peace.


1236-53 - Yasaq's remaining life. It is quiet, as he dictates poetry and writes of military strategy that even his children may use in further years. He takes 3 wives during this period, fathering 4 sons and 2 daughters. On his death bed in '53, Yasaq decides he must select a faith, so he can accordingly be judged. He converts to Christianity as it was the last Faith he conquered, and in his sleep, dies.


1253-55 - Years of selection. Yasaq left behind many sons(from women in cities he captured, and his first wife back in Peking), and it is a trouble on who should succeed him. Finally it was decided, on Jebe, one of his sons from a concubine. He was a bastard, but he had been a part of many invasions Yasaq took part in, so he was choosen.

Jebe was proclaimed Emperor of China, Khan of the Mongols, Caliph of Kereit, Prince of Kiev, and Shah of Samarkand. He was twenty at the time of his selection in '55, and the Mongol empire was slowly going into decline. The Mongolian ruling system was not meant for long-time rule. It was meant to be always conquering, not able to handle domestic needs of the people. Even that was fading, as Mongols became assmilated in regions where they settled.

1256 - Jebe travels to Baghdad, where he converts to Islam in one of the local Mosques. From there he also raised an army, to take on the city which had thwarted his father almost thirty years before: Constaniople. The first Mongolian chartered navy is also built in Alexandria, and is quickly used to surround the city.

Fireworks are fired towards the walls from the navy, maiming and causing some panic. A large fire is started inside Constantinople from a stray firework, and in the panic the Baghdad army crosses through the golden horn on ships and enter Constantinople with ease.

The Byzantine emperor expects to be slaughtered, but Jebe is calm and greets him unarmed. The two become good friends, and Constaniople is added to the already spawling Mongol empire. The former emperor is instated as Lord-Khan, and right away Jebe gives Constantinople "rule in time", something only the Koreans have gained thus far.

1257 - Peasant rebellion along the yellow river in China. The peasantry have been hard pushed since the invasion by Togrul and Jamuka to produce adequate food, soldiers, and gold for the coffers. The Chinese are pushed to psycological and physical limits.

The rebellion spreads to near-by towns within weeks, Mongolian garrisons too few in numbers to fight back, or joining the rebels. Late in the year news reaches Jebe, and he begins a quick ride back towards Peking, ordering the raising of an army in Kakakorum to destroy the insurgence.

1258 - The Kakakorum army reaches the yellow river in Spring, and quickly supresses the peasant uprising. With the army effectively in the area, all garrisons rejoin the army. Leaders of the rebellion are paraded to Peking and beheaded in front of the emperor, who returned in summer. He gives a famous speech:

"They were promised rule in time. Togrul promised that date 1260. But you are not ready, thus I deny you such a thing, for later in life."

1259 - Jamuka dies. He was in exile in Nippon after the civil war, and rose to become a member of Nippon's strange feudal society, adopting Samurais to his remaining army. He vowed to return and kill Yasaq, but never did trouble the Mongol empire again. His only son succeeded him, at the age of 30.

1260 - News of Jamuka's death in Peking empowers Jebe to undertake a conquest of Nippon. It is however discouraged, and that "he cannot become another Togrul or Yasaq". The Mongolian system continues to decay, with a lack of suitable Khan willing to defy his elders and take what he wishes.

1261 - Jebe does the unthinkable. He appoints a general to act as "Yasaq and Togrul" to go forth and conquer more land, whilst Jebe remains in Peking to handle the government. A Mongol who does not like war? It sounds unthinkable, but Jebe was a thinker. Although he had enjoyed wars with his father, he had softened and no longer wished to war, the memory of Yasaq still too close.

The general, named Mohammad was a charismatic man, who had been head of Cairo part of the Khan's army, an Arab who adopted easily to the Mongol style. He was 50 already, but he was deterimened to make Jebe proud.

1262 - After preparations, Mohammad disbanded all active "armies" in the Mongol empire, putting these veteran men in garrisons, or sending them home to live their lives. This effective move also removed some of the economic burden from the empire, having to clothe, feed, and pay the armies, when all of them were sitting idle at the time.

Some Mongol elite even talked of putting Mohammad on the Mongol throne. The Mongols found Jebe too much of a pacifist, the Chinese thought that Jebe had lost the Mandate of Heaven (especially after the peasant rebellion.), The Arabs find Jebe removed from their ways of life, and the Russians and Byzantines in Constaniople found Jebe too stupid to rule the empire.

1263 - Mohammad begins planning with the aristocracy of the different regions of the empire, to form a military coup. He too finds Jebe too weak minded to rule such a vast area, and that he would make a much more effective Khan.

The general and nobility all decide that they must quickly attack Peking, or Jebe will reinforce it. Mohammad has the support of the nobility, but they can only provide feudal levies and money, while Jebe has the actual people, cities, and industry. He could out-produce and make peasant armies more quickly than Mohammad can bring them down.

1264 - Mohammad declares that Jebe is too weak minded to rule the great Mongol empire, and quickly sends in an army similar to "The Khans army" model into China. Peking is quickly surrounded and Mohammad enters it with little fighting. Jebe is beheaded, his body burned, instead of being buried in the Tomb where Togrul and Yasaq laid.

Mohammad later in the year found himself being crowned in Peking. He was effectively Emperor of China, Caliph of Ali, Prince of Kiev, Imperator of Constaniople, King of Korea, and Shah of Samarkand. He is however refused the title of Khan. He is not ethnically Mongol, he is an arab. A foreigner cannot rule the Mongol steppe! Mohammad reluctantly agreed, and an ethnic Mongol was found - in Nippon. The son of Jamuka's son, Touli.

Touli returned happily to the land which his father could never see, and was given the title Khan of the Mongols. The Twin Khanate was restored, in a way. Mohammad was the ruler of everything else, and despite owning so much more and able to outmuster Touli in anyway possible..he was a vessal to the Khan. The Mongols told Mohammad that his decendants could become Khans and become equal with Touli's off-spring if he married a Mongol, produced children, and had those children breed with Mongols. In a few decades, the Ali family would be cleansed of their Arab blood.

The second Twin Khanate, was known as the unequal Khanate. The lesser was more powerful, and the stronger was an unwilling vessal. Both the Khan and Emperor were willing to go to war however, so the problems with the Twin Khanate were laid aside.

1265 - Touli and Mohammad agree to an invasion of Nippon. An army is raised in the fiefs Touli has control of in Nippon, and are released to attack and wreak havok over Nippon. It however ends in failure, the more diciplined Samurai regiments quickly over-running the poorly equipped Nipponese infantry.

1266 - Two armies are raised, in Baghdad and Constaniople. These armies begin fighting in the Balkan region, intent to defeat the rest of the Byzantines. There are many victories, as the Byzantine emperor urges that they surrender and accept the overlord-ship of the Mongols. Lord-Khans(chosen by the Byzantine emperor) are installed in the Balkans and Greece, and Mongol influence is further extended, staring into the eye of Hungary, and only a trek from Rome.

1267 - Samarkand fire. A large fire started by unknown causes ends with Samarkand being almost totally burnt down, not to mention destorying five caravansai that were en-route to Antioch to complete their silk road trek. The losses shake the Mongolian economy, and depression takes over. The standing armies in the Balkans are quickly disbanded and stuffed into garrisons, and a army preparing to strike Poland is called back and the soldiers begin their life as farmers again.

Yet it was not enough, and debt begins to pile up. More toll houses are opened whenever possible, and odd taxes such as "birth tax" for people who have children, and "death tax" for people who have died. Funds from things as immoral as prostitution are taxed.

1268-74 - The Mongol depression. The Samarkand fire severely ruined the economy of the Mongoloid empire. It was a cross-road of the silk road, and with it lost emmense wealth, not to mention five caravansai were lost in the fire. This depression lasted six years, and kept the empire from doing ANYTHING, even rationing and heavy taxing did nothing but fuel unrest. Yet by 1274 Samarkand had been rebuilt(It took so long due to the pinny-pinching of the Empire), and caravansai once more began their travels.

Interestingly, the Mongol depression also effected the economy of mediterranian states, who relied on silk road trade to trade with other states in order to effectively run. Yet Touli and Mohammad ignored these items, and once Samarkand was bustling once more, they built two armies in Peking, and rushed off together with them towards Poland, to finally attack the state which was only saved due to the depression.

1275 - Was a quiet year, the twin army traveling across Siberia towards Poland. Mohammad and Touli took notice of the pestilince and other items in towns they visited, suffering from the depression, and inefficient aid from the central government. Siberia outposts were noted for asking Touli if he had seen Yasaq invade Russia yet.

There was some minor uprisings in Southern China, but the local garrisons put down the insurgence before it became too wide spread.

1276 - Winter fell early and the Twin Khan armies were forced to camp in Moscow. They were met cooly by the local Boyars, still upset about the invasion half a century ago under Yasaq. Troubles were seen - Kievan Rus still practiced and worked as it did before the invasion, unchanged even through Yasaq's reforms. The Twin Khan armies attacked Moscow from within, slaying the conservative Boyars. Loyal soldiers were given Boyar titles, and quickly Chinese beaurocratic practices, Islamic law, and other systems were introduced, "Mongolizing" Kievian Rus.

1277 - Invasion of Poland. This attack surprized the Mongols greatly. Kieveian Rus, while European was removed from European ways of life. Poland was not, and heavy cavalry was abundant as the Mongols thrashed forward.

In the myst of the attack, Touli found a sign from "God" and bravely led his forces forward. The sun set at the end of the day, and the Mongols were victorious. They would not move on towards Poland's innards, atleast not yet. They needed to rest and refuel, and Touli needed to visit a monestary, for by the end of the battle, he had become Catholic. It was not surprising. All Khans chose a faith accordingly, but Touli was the first Catholic Khan. Yasaq had been a Christian, but it was of the Orthodox kind, and it was short lived, only for a few hours.

1278 - By order of the Khan, Mosques, Churches, Synagogs, Monestaries, and Madressas are built all through the Mongol empire. Bhuddist and Hindu temples are also built, but less in number than the former. This promotes more learning and exploring, especially after the Imperial Archieves had been used for all they were worth in 1250.

The war in Poland was put on stand-by. It had been a rough first battle, and more would soldiers would be needed if they wished to fully annex Poland. Feudal levies were called for in Russia, but there was no reply until it was too late..and winter had set in.

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