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What if Edinburgh Had Become the British Capital?

What Really Happened:  Cecil, one of Elisabeth Iís most able advisors, had planned for her death by placing teams of horsemen along the route to Scotland, where lived the heir apparent, James IV.  James, donning a ĎIí for English sensibilities, went at once to England, where he was crowned king.  He only rarely returned to Scotland, and Charles I, his successor, only did a few times.  The distance between the King and Scotland provoked some resentment, as did his attempts at long-distance rule, and the result were the Bishop Wars.

POD:  Letís suppose that something happens to one of the messengers sent to Scotland and he dies en route.  James had no idea heís needed in England.  In the coming week, rumours of Elisabethís death become believed around the nation, as is the lack of any obvious successor.  Some nobles (Essexís heir is perhaps the most likely) see opportunity to plant their behinds on the throne, forcing Cecil to fight several small battles to prevent any of them gaining ascendancy. 

James hears the rumours of Elisabethís death in two weeks at most.  Heís also disturbed by the rumours of near civil war in England and concerned that such weakness would invite the Spanish or the French to invade.  James moves to Berwick, but is reluctant to move closer to London.  James nearness convinces a few of the nobles that its time to strike and they do, fighting a mini-civil war that Cecil quickly wins (combination of his high intelligence, control of most of the regular army +trained bands).  James is invited to London and formerly crowned king. 

So far so good.  Now, letís have James decide the England is not that safe a place for monarchs and decide to rule from Edinburgh.  He confirms the English parliament, leaves Cecil as a viceroy, and heads back to Scotland.  Some of the more enterprising nobles come with him or later to the court in Edinburgh, others continue in England. 

Short-Term Effects:  The most immediate effect is the Charles will probably not woo either the Spanish infanta or Henrietta Marie (his OTL queen).  Charles is more likely to be married to some high ranking English noble, or possibly a German protestant match.  The English Parliament would probably continue to run the nation without much royal interference and at some point might consider the king more of a nuseinse than a real help. 

On Charles, however, the odds are high that he would follow the Scottish religion (slightly harsher Christianity) instead of being tempted by popery.  This would avert the Bishops Wars, as the king would not be trying to impose his version of Christianity on everyone, although he might still try to muck around with the English churches.  Britain would probably take little part in the Franco-Spanish wars, although colonial conflict is inevitable.  (There is some suggestion that Charles impeded American colonising expeditions, as they would be beyond his authority.)  If so, the Americaís would probably be colonised quicker. 

Guy Fawlkes would have less opportunity for the gunpowder plot in this TL.  The English Catholics would probably face less persicution, but not that much less, lol.

Medium-Term Effects : Scotland would probably be developed to an English-level quicker than OTL.  The Darien expedition would be supported by the king as England would be growing fast in the new world.  Edinburgh would slowly become the trading heart of the nation, which would mean massive economic growth and Scottish colonies would grow in America quicker.  Ireland would probably be less troubled in some ways, but it is unlikely that the King would permit them to remain catholic, so there would be an extremely enthusiastic war.

The growth of British power would probably push for a union of parliaments on a more equal basis.  (King not wanting the English to have domination, but scared of English reaction to becoming second-best). 

Long-Term Effects : This probably averts the British civil war for years.

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