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The Kingdom of Canada, 1870 Parts 1 and 2 by Steve Payne

Author says: what if the Confederation of Canada had never happened? Please note that the opinions expressed in this post do not necessarily reflect the views of the author(s).

June 23rd, on this day the somewhat appropriately named 26th US Secretary of State Hamilton Fish (pictured) signed the Rupert's Land and North-Western Territory Order purchasing a staggering fifteen percent of the land mass of North America from the Hudson Bay Company (HBC).

Manitoba joins the UnionAt the price of a mere $1.5m the incorporation of the new State of Manitoba (trans "Great Spirit") was the biggest real estate in human history, even bigger than the purchases of Louisiana and Alaska.

The fact that the United States and Great Britain were involved in a rather distasteful land grab became clear when Alaska was purchased from Russia the very next day after Queen Victoria signed the British North America Act. Predicting American success, the architect of the Alaskan purchase, W.H. Seward had complemented Canadian colonists for their hard work "It is very well, you are building excellent states to be hereafter admitted to the American Union". It was a threat fully understood by the 1st Prime Minister of Canada John A. MacDonald "The Americans are resolved to do all they can, short of war, to get possession of our western territory, and we must take immediate and vigourous steps to counteract them".

Unfortunately for MacDonald, the First Nations of the Pacific Northwest who greatly outnumbered the settlers discovered that the HBC was about to sell of its vast holdings. Led by a young man called Louis Riel, the Métis seized the HBC trading post at Upper Fort Garry and declared a provisional government. Before long, American annexationalists had persuaded the Métis to ditch Canada and join the United States.

December 7th, on this day British troops under the command of Colonel Garnet Wolseley fired the first shots in the third war between United States and Great Britain, a volley of bullets which executed "the Father of Manitoba" Louis Riel at Upper Fort Garry.

Red River RebellionWolseley's men had endured a long, rough overland slog and were in no mood to be generous. Charged with seizing Manitoba back from the Métis separists who had engineered an annexation by the United States, their mission required the creation of a second French-Canadian stronghold.

This desired outcome was somewhat ironic given the circumstances. Because during the approval of the British North America Act three years before, serious consideration had been given to renaming the new nation the "The Kingdom of Canada", an option proposed by Canadian Prime Minister John A. Macdonald which had been dismissed largely because it would provoke the Americans

Author says to view guest historian's comments on this post please visit the Today in Alternate History web site for Part 1 and Part 2.

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Steve Payne, Editor of Today in Alternate History, a Daily Updating Blog of Important Events In History That Never Occurred Today. Follow us on Facebook, Myspace and Twitter.

Imagine what would be, if history had occurred a bit differently. Who says it didn't, somewhere? These fictional news items explore that possibility. Possibilities such as America becoming a Marxist superpower, aliens influencing human history in the 18th century and Teddy Roosevelt winning his 3rd term as president abound in this interesting fictional blog.


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