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Zionist Uganda

Volume I 1905-1952


by David bar Elias

The POD for this timeline is that the Seventh Zionist Congress votes in 1905 to accept the British Uganda Plan as a temporary refuge for Jewish refugees fleeing from Russian persecution. The vote swung in this direction due to a far worse outbreak of anti-Semitism in Russia following that nation's defeat in the Russo-Japanese War (1904-1905).


The Seventh Zionist Congress votes to accept the British Uganda Plan (due to even worse anti-Semitism in Russia after the end of the Russo-Japanese War). Several armed expeditionary forces are organized, with British approval, to scout out the site for a major settlement on the Mau Plateau (due to the presence of lions and the Massai).

An armed expedition arrives on the Mau Plateau. Ground is broken for what will one day become the city of New Akko. Accompanying the expedition are the first 50 colonists (mostly Russian and Polish Jews). Skirmishes with the Massai are common, although many of the lions killed before they can become much of a threat.

A second group of 300 Russian Jews arrives in Kampala, Uganda. Another armed expedition accompanies them. In Basel, the Jewish Territorialist Organization (ITO) is founded to recruit more colonists. As the pogroms in Russia see no signs of ebbing, many recruits are found. By the beginning of 1906, some 12,000 Jews have immigrated to both Kampala and New Akko.


The first Orthodox synagogues are completed in both Kampala and New Akko. At this time, the British authorities under Dr. David Bruce in Uganda are attempting to deal with an outbreak of sleeping sickness, a disease spread by the tsetse fly. The outbreak of this disease sends many of the new settlers to New Akko instead.

The Massai attempt to overwhelm New Akko several times, but are defeated by the armed members of the expeditionary force. Finally, later in the year, the citizens of New Akko and the Massai reach an agreement to forestall more violence. The settlers recognize the rights of the Massai to use a large portion of the Mau Plateau for their cattle grazing, while the Massai agree to recognize the establishment of several mid-sized kibbutzim (communal farms), which don't interfere with the Massai, as well as to recognize the Jewish holdings in the 5,000 square acres. The Jews also agree to trade with the Massai things such as metal tools. This represents a major breakthrough for the Jews, and serves as the basis for dealing with the natives in the future.

Immigration ships from Eastern Europe arrive at the port of Mombassa. Wagons, escorted by ITO-funded guards, take colonists to Uganda. The nucleus of the future Jewish Defence League can be seen in these armed expeditions. The completion of the Kampala-Mombassa Line will help ease transportation difficulties greatly. Many Jewish immigrants simply stay in and around Mombassa in this early period of time.


The first great year of immigration. Some 500,000 Russian and Eastern European Jews immigrate to both Uganda and Kenya. In addition to New Akko and Kampala, sizable Jewish communities have been established in Mombassa, Kenya, and in Jinja, Entebbe, Masaka, and Port Bell, Uganda. Many shetls in Eastern Europe simply move together to East Africa. This year also sees another 450,000 Jews immigrate to the United States, Canada, Australia, and South Africa.

The influx of new colonists is not without its problems. Many Bantu tribes in Uganda are hostile to the new colonists. The appease this anger, many Jews (especially those from the urban centres of the Russian Empire) begin opening schools for the native children. While not religious like the Christian missionary schools, some ideas do rub off. Roads, such as Herzl Road (linking Masaka and Jinja) begin to spring up. The Kampala-Mombassa Line is jump started by the influx of willing labour. It's completion will allow for much more rapid colonization of the surrounding countryside.

Things are further complicated by the presence of Christian missionaries, many of whom resent the large Jewish presence. Tensions between tribes that have converted to Catholism and Protestant faiths causes outbreaks of violence in northern Uganda. Many Jews stay in the south part of the colony, hugging Lake Victoria.

The British are appreciative, for the most part, of having such a loyal group of colonists, who now outnumber all of the other whites in Uganda combined.

In addition to schools, Jewish doctors open clinics that treat both Jew and African alike. This helps to ebb the sleeping sickness.

In late 1907, Kampala is renamed Tel Aviv ("hill of spring"). The name originates with Nahum Sokolow, the Secretary General of the World Zionist Congress (now a resident of this city). It symbolizes the Jewish dream of renewal and protection in a dangerous world.....

#2 Report Post
August 31st, 2006, 04:19 PM
David bar Elias
David bar Elias

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The major new development this year is the foundation of the Jewish Defence Forces (JDF). Founded by Joseph Trumpledor (who now lives in New Akko instead of Palestine in TTL), the JDF is formed to protect the lives of Jewish property, which had come under attack from the Christian tribes in Uganda. Armed with British weapons, and JDF begins patrolling the outskirts of the Uganda and Kenya settlements.

The JDF faces its first real baptism of fire that same year. In reaction to the growing number of Jewish colonists, the Central-Sudanic (also known as the Nilo-Hamitic) peoples of northern Uganda begin a revolt against the British. Centred mostly around the towns of Gulu, Lira, and Soroti, the fighters cause quite a bit of trouble, until late 1908, when Trumpledor leads the JDF into northern Uganda. Bribing several tribes into helping him, Trumpledor crushes the main rebel force at the Battle of Gulu on November 21, 1908. The grateful British authorities allow Trumpledor to build a massive fortification-Fort Maccabee-in the town of Gulu.

It's later revealed that a few nefarious Christian missionaries secretly encouraged the revolt. Ironically, the end result of this revolt is that missionary activity is curbed by the colonial government of Uganda (now completely dominated by the Jewish immigrants).

Another two million Jews from Eastern, southern, and central Europe immigrate to both Kenya and Uganda from 1908 to 1909. Situated mostly in the Mau Plateau, coastal Kenya (especially around Mombassa), and southern Uganda, the Jews bring about many changes in Britain's East African territories.

For one, Yiddish, along with Swahili, is becoming the language of trade in both Kenya and Uganda. The Tel Aviv-Fort Maccabee Railway is completed in mid-1909, facilitating greater travel. The Jews continue to reach out to the natives of both Kenya and Uganda, especially in north Uganda. Schools, hospitals, universities, sewage treatment, urban renewal, and agricultural advancements are coming to East Africa.

The British colonials tend to look down at the Jewish effort to improve the lives of the African residents (in OTL, the British tended to learn Swahili rather than teach English). But if they really want to bother......

Meanwhile, the ITO is now working on recruiting more and more skilled Jews from Western Europe to immigrate to East Africa. Most of this new immigration comes from France and Great Britain herself. The French Jews still have sour memories of the Defuses Affair, after all.

By June 1, 1909, some 2.7 million Jews now call Kenya and Uganda home. In Britain, there is talk of granting both Kenya and Uganda dominion status as the Dominion of East Africa, due to the higher percentage of white immigrants than in OTL.

Inspired by the successes of the Jewish colonies in East Africa, the colonial governments of Upper and Lower Rhodesia invite the Jews to form settlements in those two British colonies. Some 77,000 Jews take this opportunity, mostly younger and more adventurous Jews. They take their idealistic notions with them when dealing with the natives.

Although this whole thing began as a temporary program to house Russian Jews, East Africa is now one of the major focal points of Jewish life. Why go to the swamp-ridden and barren land of Palestine when there are thriving cities, shetls, settlements, and kibbutzim in the verdant lands of East Africa?......
So long and thanks for all the fish.

#3 Report Post
August 31st, 2006, 05:08 PM
David bar Elias
David bar Elias

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A huge year for Africa, as Great Britain grants dominion status to both South Africa (as the Union of South Africa), and East Africa (Kenya and Uganda, now home to almost 3 million Jews). The Jews prove to be excellent agents for the British when dealing with the natives, as they tend to be the only whites that the natives trust. East Africa's capital will be the city of Nairobi. Another one million immigrants, mostly from Russia and Poland, settle in East Africa this year. Africa is being advertised effectively by the ITO as a paradise. They've even inspired many of the old Zionist settlers of Palestine (those left over from the Aliyahs) to settle in East Africa.

In Uganda, a concerted effort is made to eradicate the tetse fly, by draining the swamps and brackish water that permeates many areas of the former colony. This also ends up eradicating malaria from the area as well (as happened with yellow feaver in Panama and Cuba in OTL). This helps to ease remaining tensions with the northern tribes, who appreciate the Jewish outreach to them.

Chaim Wietzman has now settled in the Jewish settlement of Herzlberg (just outside of Mombassa). He starts the Wietzman School of Agriculture (now the Wietzman Institute of Technology), which is open to Jews, Africans, and Asians alike. Mombassa, now a major Indian Ocean trading port, is home to some of the first light industry in East Africa, as Jewish industrialists begin employing Asians and Blacks in textile factories, creating the nexus of a highly skilled workforce.

Marc Chagall has now settled in New Jerusalem. His paintings from now on combine African and Jewish styles with great liberty.

Meanwhile, another 100,000 Jews, mostly spillovers from the old Ugandan colonies, immigrate to Upper and Lower Rhodesia. Their presence eases tensions with the natives, to the delight of the British colonial agents. Many come due to the overcrowding that the new Russian and Polish immigrants are causing.

Joseph Trumpledor enlarges the JDF, and reorganizes it. The JDF sees its first African recruits, drawn mainly from the recently converted Bantus of Uganda, where the Jewish investment in their well-being is starting to pay off. [It should be noted that while the Jewish faith has strong adversity to conversions, they don't try to stop gentiles from converting on their own]. The British are shocked by the idea of blacks serving in the same regiments as whites, but Trumpledor states that the JDF is religiously bound to accept all qualified Jewish applicants, wherever they may be from. Cavalry sqadrons are added, and Trumpledor keeps his men drilled constantly, to be on the watch for native uprisings (which, due to the positive Jewish interactions, have not happened). Still, it never hurts to be prepared.....

Overall East African policies towards Africans is more modeled on South Africa's system, with enfrancisement comming with property holdings (and in the case of the Jews, education as well). This policy will liberalize quite a lot over the next couple of decades....

Nairobi's name is changed to New Jerusalem, after an influx of some 300,000 new Polish Jews tips the scales in favor of a Jewish majority. This move symbolizes the new faith that the Jews have in their new homeland. It also shows just how much of a backwater Palestine has become. Many former Palestinian settlers are immigrating to East Africa, after all.

The New Jerusalem-Mombassa-Tel Aviv Railway is completed, allowing for a booming trade economy. The Massai continue to roam with their cattle heards unabated, and have largely kept their word of the bargain. They've even allowed the Jews to purchase another 3,500 acres on the Mau plateau, in exchange for more of the well-made tools, and that well made cattle feed from Chaim Weitzman's laborotories [he was a major botonist in OTL, and takes this even further in TTL].......
So long and thanks for all the fish.

#4 Report Post
August 31st, 2006, 11:06 PM
David bar Elias
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Another 1.5 million Jews from Eastern Europe immigrate to East Africa. The IPO is now quite adept at spreading stories of the wonderful paradise that East Africa has become for the Jewish faith, along with the stories of exotic wildlife and paintings of beautiful African landscapes (many of them by one Marc Chagall). The Orthodox, in particular, are far less stringent about leaving for East Africa, as they believe that Jews cannot form a state in the Holy Land until the Messiah comes.

The results show themselves soon enough. In 1910, Mombassa is renamed Port Shalom (which is perfect-shalom means "hello," "goodbye," and "peace," -the perfect names for a major port and city). Some 200,000 of these new settlers come to Upper and Lower Rhodesia, greatly boosting the economies of the two colonies.

In 1911, after New York's notorious Triangle Shirtwaist fire, (in which the victims were poor Jewish women laborers), Jacob Schiff, a wealthy American Zionist, begins financing Jewish immigration from "The jungles of New York to the paradise of Africa). Although limited at first, eventually, some 150,000 Jews from the Lower East Side immigrate to East Africa. In Britain, the East End is rapidly emptying of Jews as the poor laborers seek a better life in the wide open spaces of the African frontiers.....

By 1912, Jews completely dominate the coffee trade. Grown in the highlands of Kenya, the farming is done on many kibbutzim. A few token Massai have worked on the Kibbutzim, and fewer still have even converted to Judaism. Another 4,000 acres on the Mau plateau is Jewish owned, and is the maximum estent of Jewish settlement in the area. Most new immigrants go to Tel Aviv or Port Shalom, and areas immediently surrounding it.

By 1913, the big cities of East Africa have been electrified. The great Universities of Port Shalom, Tel Aviv, New Akko, New Jerusalem, and Fort Maccabee (now a major city) are the centers of intellectual life in Africa. The British, by now, are not surprised as the Jews open the doors of these institutions to Africans and Asians as well as whites.

From the very beginning of the Ugandan settlements, Jews allowed their women a say in how the settlements were run (which happened in OTL's Palestinian settlements as well). East Africa's Knesset (Parliament), officially votes to allow women to vote. Qualified African women are guranteed this same provision, further deepening the "Special Relationship" that the Jews enjoy with the natives. More and more natives are taking advantage of the enfrancisement programs, which revolve around education and property. The Jewish respect for native religions deepends the bonds. Since missionaries are discouraged from comming to East Africa, Judaism is the only major religion that many tribes tend to come into contact with.....in Uganda, the formerly hostile Christian tribes have settled down in a bountiful trade with the Jewish colonies on Lake Victoria, Lake Abraham (formerly Lake Kwania), Lake Albert, and Lake Kyoga.

By June of 1914, the Jewish population of the Dominion of East Africa is up to 5.1 million (Orthodox families in particular tend to have large families). The JDF numbers some 25,000 men, with Joseph Trumpledor as their commanding officer.

One June 28, 1914, Archduke Franz Ferdinand is assasinated in Sarajevo, plunging the world into the fires of the First World War.

For the Jews of East Africa, one era was ending and another was beginning......
So long and thanks for all the fish.

#5 Report Post
August 31st, 2006, 11:49 PM
David bar Elias
David bar Elias

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1914-1919-The Great War:

When Great Britain declared war on Germany in August of 1914, the Dominions of East Africa and South Africa quickly followed. For the Jewish Defence Forces, this was to be their first real action since the 1908 Uganda uprisings.

As there were only 3,000 German troops in German East Africa, Governor Heinrich von Schnee ordered them to refrain from attacking British forces. Colonel Paul Emil von Lettow-Vorbeck, never one to sit on his tuchuss and do nothing, wasted no time in disobeying the orders.

Vorbeck had visited East Africa a couple of times, and had seen the JDF training excercises, and knew the pain that they could inflict. He had a hearty respect for Joseph Trumpledor in particular, having shared in a Yom Kippur break-the-fast feast with him.

For a while, little happened. Trumpledor wanted his recruits trained properly, while Vorbeck, with only 200 officers and 2,800 Askaris, had few supplies. Despite this, Vorbeck attempted a raid over the border into the settlement of Ramwat David. It might have succeeded, had there not been a major JDF training camp nearby. The raw recruits fought a pitched battle with the Germans. Despite dogged attacks, the recruits held off the German advance. Lettow-Vorbeck, having lost many of his best officers, was forced to retreat.

Both Trumpledor and Vorbeck ended up facing each other from October 2-4, 1914. JDF forces, aided by a battalion of Indians, launched an amphibious assault at the port city of Tanga. Vorbeck fought hard, but he was forced to withdraw from his positions. Having already been mauled by the JDF, and without his most competent officers, who were buried at Ramwat David, Vorbeck was in a very weak position indeed after Kanga, especially as news came of a South African force that was invading from Upper Rhodesia.

By early mid-October, there was little that Vorbeck could do as JDF forces, impossibly strong, overran German East Africa. The Jews already had a strong rapport with the natives (with the notable exception of those who were in the Askaris), who welcomed the JDF as they occupied the major cities. The British ordered Trumpledor to Egypt. Trumpledor was eager to take Jerusalem from the Ottomans, but was stuck defending the Suez Canal from Turkish attacks.

Meanwhile, Vorbeck wasn't done in East Africa. From 1915-1917, he launched guerilla raids at the JDF, hoping to keep the prized warriors from being deployed to the European Theatere. Unfortunately, it was too little, too late. London had agreed that former German East Africa would be incorperated into the Dominion of East Africa. Thousands of Rhodesian and East African Jews began flooding into the territory. As their traders already had a good reputation amongst the natives, the transition was fairly smooth. Lettow-Vorbeck bowed to the inevitable and surrendered on February 1, 1917. He spent the rest of the war in a luxurious home in New Jerusalem (Trumpledor, in fact, insisted on it-it was his home).

In 1917, the JDF finally saw some action in the Middle East. Smashing through the Turkish lines bellowing "AMCHA!" (Hebrew for "Our Nation!"), the JDF served as the force that broke the Turks as Edmund Allenby advanced northwards. Jerusalem fell on April 3 of that year. Photographs of a weeping Joseph Trumpledor praying at the Western Wall with his men served as a huge morale booster for East Africa, where millions of Jews celebrated the fall of Jerusalem.

By 1918, the war was finally at an end, with the JDF being the first allied soldiers to enter Damascas (much to the chagrin of Lawrence of Arabia). At the Versailles Conference of 1919, German East Africa was recognized as a possesion of the Dominion of East Africa. Britain also gained a Mandate over Palestine, Iraq, and Transjordan.

By now, the Jews were firmly rooted in East Africa. But there was still controversy. Some radical Zionists wanted to immigrate en masse to Palestine. But the vast majority of Jews were content in their established businesses in East Africa, and besides, there was Tanganyka to incorporate properly. East African insitutions, from education to health care, were begining to take root.

Joseph Trumpledor returned to New Jerusalem in triumph. In the elections of 1919, he was elected Prime Minister. Along with Jan Smutts, now the Prime Minister of South Africa, Trumpledor pushed hard for the new League of Nations, which East Africa joined in 1920.

Paul Lettow-Vorbeck bid a tearful goodbye to his friend, and sailed home to Germany. But he would be back one day, as it turned out......

For Joseph Trumpledor, the best days were yet to come.....
So long and thanks for all the fish.

#6 Report Post
September 1st, 2006, 12:06 AM
David bar Elias
David bar Elias

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Joseph Trumpledor had rode into office as a huge war hero. Now, he would prove that he could govern as effiently as he could wage war.

The first great crisis came as a result of the Russian Civil War. The hated Czar had been overthrown in 1917 and killed on year later. The Provisional Government had been overthrown, and a civil war had erupted between the Whites (reactionaries) and the Reds (Bosheviks). The remaing Jews of Russia faced brutal attacks by the Whites (the crimes of the infamous Baron Roman Ungurn von Sternberg in particular shocks the communities of East Africa). IPO agents need little effort to convince the remaining 2.3 million Russian Jews to immigrate to East Africa. The USA was retreating into isolationism, and in 1924 would enact strict immigration quotas. Jews had only one place to go, and that was to East Africa.

Former German East Africa proved easy to integrate. Towns, settlements, and cities were established, and the natives gained enfracisement. Many of the new refugees from Russia settled in these new territories. Dar es Salaam was renamed Maimonodies in 1923. The Jews began developing their rapport with the local tribes, especially the famed and fearsome Mwamumzenti (the only warriors in east Africa ever to have beaten the Massai in conflict).

In 1922, Upper and Lower Rhodesia both held referendums on their futures. Upper Rhodesia (where Jews made up the majority of the white settlers) voted to join East Africa, while Lower Rhodesia voted to join the Union of South Africa. Jan Smutts was greatly strenghened by the addition of the heavily English and Jewish colony of Lower Rhodesia, and did not lose the election of 1924 (as happened in another universe). Herzog's National Party was reduced to the fringes of the Afrikaner population, and faded into obscurity. Influenced by East Africa, Jan Smutts began a project of enfrancisement for the native South Africans (helped by numerous Jewish agents). Bechuanaland was added to South Africa in 1927, making South Africa one of the two economic powerhouses on the continent (the other being East Africa).

Trouble came in the former German possesion of Rwanda. The territory was divided between the tall, agrarian Tutsis and the short, cattle herding Hutus. Using a descriminatory identification system, the Germans had stoked years of resentment by favoring the Tutsis. An outbreak of violence occured as the Germans withdrew.

The Jewish authorities wasted no time. The guest-book system was outlawed, and the Hutus were fully enfrancised. Many Tutsis were leaving for the new kibbutzim in Tanganyka, and the Hutus soon became loyal citizens of the Dominion of East Africa, leading a lifestyle not unlike the Massai, with vast cattle ranges protected by the government in New Jerusalem.

The influx of Russian refugees led to the Jewish population to stand at 9.1 million by 1924. This didn't inlcude the natives all over the Dominion that were still in the process of converting (to convert to Judaism, you need to show that you mean it.....of course, most natives aren't necessarily Jewish. But many have adopted some Jewish customs and laws.....). Another 1.7 million Jews immigrated out of the Balkans, Eastern Europe, and southern Europe, making Russia, Poland, and the east virtually free of a Jewish presence for the first time in millenia. Many wealthy Jewish families, such as the Rothchilds, assisted the poor Jews of these nations in immigrating.

In the mideast, Britain merged Palestine with the new Heshamite Kingdom of Transjordan in 1925. Some radical Zionists protested, but most Jews shrugged. There was nothing like OTL's Balfour Declaration to hold Britain accountable for.

The Port Shalom-Salisbury-Cape Town Line was built from 1922 to 1926. This served as the basis for the famous Cape-to-Cairo Railway, built with mainly East and South African money and built from 1925 to 1931.

Trade between Jan Smutt's South Africa and Joseph Trumpledor's East Africa led to a surging economy. It was, after all, the Roaring Twenties. The first air service, which distributed mail from Tel Aviv to Cape Town was established in 1928. Aviation became quite popular after Port Shalom's own David bar-Eleazar became the first man to fly non-stop across the Indian Ocean. The films of the Marx Brothers played to packed movie houses. Heavy Industry came to the Dominion in the Roaring Twenties, manufacturing Ernst Manaru's (half Jewish, half Bantu) sturdy Golems (autos resembling the Tin Lisie). The nickname "Golem" symbolized their power over the new highways of East and South Africa.

Joseph Trumpledor celebrated all these acheivements, before retiring in 1928. His retirement seemed to symbolize the end of another era. The people who thought this were right, in more ways than one.....
So long and thanks for all the fish.

#7 Report Post
September 5th, 2006, 01:43 PM
David bar Elias
David bar Elias

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The Roaring Twenties came to a shocking end with the Wall St. Crash of 1929. The Crash began a ripple effect around the world.

For East Africa, things, for the first time in the nation's history, began to look grim. Factories closed, unemployment rose, and a feeling of despair rose and rose. It seemed Trumpledor's 1928 retirement had taken away more than just the everlasting era of good feelings.....

In the elections of 1931, Levi Eshkol's Labour Party swept to power after years in the wilderness. "So they didn't beat Moses," one Conservative MP was heard to have remarked. Eshkol ran on a platform of economic reform and promises of direct government intervention.

That same year also saw the final completion of the Cape-to-Cairo Railway. King George V rode on the first triumphent ride from Cairo to Cape Town, from which he sailed back to London. A major centerpeice of British pride, it proved to be the first uplift to East African morale in years. As the King passed through New Jerusalem and Port Shalom, he was greeted by huge crowds of his cheering Jewish subjects. "You can't say that Zion doesn't love you, your highness," was what Prime Minister Eshkol was rumored to have said to the monarch in his meeting with him in New Jerusalem.

ITO agents were dispatched to New York, where the situation was far more dire. It wasn't hard to find eager recruits for life in East Africa. Some 230,000 American Jews immigrated to Africa during this time period.

Eshkol acted quickly. Meeting with South Africa's Jan Smutts, both East Africa and South Africa signed an accord to end all trade barriers remaining between the two dominions (there were never that many anyways). The two African dominions had been pushing for greater Imperial preference, but faced resistance from London on the issue. Fustratred, they began their "Deep Friendship," which is solidified today as part of the African Federation. Pretty soon, East Africa was supplying South Africa with practical goods, while South Africa began supplying East Africa with luxury items (like wine, for instance) and mineral goods. The Diamond Trade became a centerpeice of this relationship. Pretty soon, unemployment in both South and East Africa was heading south again. Government-sponsered work programs built new irrigation canals, reseeded grazing land (helping out the Massai's extensive cattle heards), and began experimentation with solar power. Jan Smutts, against his instincts, (but then again, the Jews of East Africa had been right on practically everything thus far), copied these moves, and bound his nation closer with East Africa.

In 1933, Great Britain turned over Nysaland to the Dominion of East Africa. Most of the whites in the colony were Jews anyway. And with the Great Depression raging, it seemed like a very good way to save money. The city of Trumpledor (OTL's Lilongue), became the center of this new aquisition. Many German Jewish immigrants settled in small villages along Lake Malawi and Lake Tanganyka.

The most ambitious of these new projects was a hydro-electric project, designed to increase electricity for the numerous towns and cities in East Africa. It turned into a joint project with South Africa (as the project was located on the two nations' borders). Completed by 1936, the projects managed to create cheap electricity for South and East Africa, and allowed for new irrigation canals, which increased the arable land substantialy.

In Europe, things were going from bad to worse. In Germany, the perpetually angry Great War veteran Adolf Hitler's National Socialist German Worker's Party (Nazi Party) was becoming the dominent government party. Paul von Lettow-Vorbeck angrilly denounced the Nazis. Having seen first hand the power of the Jewish fighting man, he attacked Hitler's ideologies fervently. But without his exploits in OTL, there were far fewer people willing to listen to Vorbeck. After several death threats, he fled with his family back to East Africa in 1932, to New Jerusalem. He became the new neighbor to the aging Joseph Trumpledor, who embraced his former foe like a brother.

Hitler became the absolute ruler of Germany in 1933, and soon, anti-Jewish laws began to be passed. ITO agents desperately warned as many Jews as possible to come to East Africa. Despite the fact that Hitler in Mein Kampf had written: "If only twelve million of those Hebrew vultures had been subject to the gas, the Fatherland would still have maintained the wealthy territories of Africa," the German Jews were at first aloof. Why, they had fervently supported Germany in the Great War, and many had served in the Fatherland's defence. How could their nation turn on them so? But slowly but surely, the trickle of Jewish refugees from Germany became a flood, as every last Jew in Germany, and later Austria, Hungary, and Czechoslovakia fled to East Africa. This accelerated after the events of the Nuremburg Laws (1935) and Kristalnacht (1938). East Africa welcomed each and every one. Albert Einstein, before leaving for Port Shalom, told his wife: "Take a good look at this house. You'll never see it again." Over 1.9 million Jews came in this latest wave of refugees. Sigmund Freud, Enrico Fermi (who had a Jewish wife), Leo Salizard, Edward Teller, and countless others soon found employment in the great universities of the Dominion. In 1938, Salizard, with Einstein's signature, drafted a letter to Eskhol warning him on the devastating effects of a hypothetical uranium bomb.....soon, East Africa began importing uranium from the Belgian Congo for Project Sampson. Efforts to gain the attention of the British government were unsuccesful until after the start of World War II.

The thirties also saw a new problem emerge. Benito Mussolini, the pugnacious dictator of Italy, fancied himself as a reincarnation of Augustus. Remembering the humiliating defeat that his nation had suffered at Adua in 1896, he began to plan for the invasion of Ethiopia.

Emperor Haile Salasie, the Lion of Judah, had long admired the Dominion of East Africa. There was a strong and ancient Jewish community in his nation, going back to the days of Saloman and the Queen of Sheba. As Italy's rhetoric became more belligerant, East Africa, backed strongly by South Africa, tried to force the League to do something substantial.

Instead, the League rolled over like a leaky galleon as Italian troops invaded Ethiopia from Italian Somalailand and Eritrea. The British government refused to close the Suez Canal, allowing Mussolini a clear route towards conquest. Oh, they passed an embargo, but left out oil.

Fustrated by the Mother Country's indifference, the East Africans and South Africans began covert gun running operations to aid to Ethiopians. But it was too little, too late. The Lion of Judah fled to New Jerusalem, along with countless refugees, including the entire Jewish community of the mountain kingdom. The Jewish Defence Forces began mobilizing.

Mussolini, for his part, tired of the Jewish state's annoying sermonizing, and began anti-semitic programs of his own (even worse than in OTL). This led to the complete exodus of the Italian Jews. ITO agents in France, the Low Countries, and Iberia began handing out visas. Most accepted, although some just wouldn't budge, which would cost them dearly later.

In 1938, the Dominion held a referendum on a name change. Wether or not to declare their nation the State of Israel. Despite opposition from the Orthodox, the referendum passed. The Dominion of East Africa became the State of Israel, a Dominion of the British Empire. The Jewish Defence Forces became the Israeli Defence Forces, and became open to everyone, including non-Jews. Watching Neville Chamberlain (the son of the great Joseph Chamberlain) throw the Czechs to the wolves, Jan Smutts and Levi Eshkol began preparing their nations for conflict. They weren't fooled when the British PM claimed he had "Peace in our time!" The die was rapidly being cast......

By 1939, Hitler began making demands of Poland. As there were almost no more Jews left in Europe (and none left in Poland), Hitler began his truely dark deeds on September 1, 1939, when German forces smashed into that long-haplass nation.

Great Britain and France declared war on September 3, followed alomst immediently afterwards by Israel, South Africa, Australia, New Zealand, Canada, and India.

"We, the people of Israel, and our brothers-in-arms across the British Empire must make ourselves an arsenal of freedom in a world gone rife with the diseases of evil," declared Prime Minister Eshkol in his nation's declaration of War on Germany. "We will not stop until the German mad-dog has been put down for all time."

World War II was on.......
So long and thanks for all the fish.

#8 Report Post
September 5th, 2006, 08:28 PM
David bar Elias
David bar Elias

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1939-1945: The War Years

1939: In September of 1939, even as the Germans and Soviets began their desembowlment of Poland, Prime Minister Eshkol dispatched Leo Salizard and Albert Einstein on a covert mission to London. There, the two brilliant scientists outlined the ideas of Operation Sampson.

Prime Minister Chamberlain was skeptical of such a Project. Along with many of his advisors. However, one man came out strongly in favor of it. Winston Churchill eloquently explained how such a weapon could quickly end the war in a descisive Allied victory. Reluctantly, Chamberlain agreed to the proposal. Project Sampson was now a fully-funded project of the British Empire. Delighted at hearing the news, Prime Minister Eshkol connacted the Belgian ambassador to secure Israeli rights to mine uranium in the nearby Belgian Congo for the precious metal.

That year, raids by the German commerce raider Atlantis ruthlessly sank dozens of Israeli and South African merchant ships in the Indian Ocean. In responce, the Israeli Navy was born. Starting out with several elderly WWI destroyers, the shipyards of Port Shalom began manufacturing a more modern day force. South African material aided in this endeavor. In December 1939, the Israeli destoryer Trumpledor managed to corner and sink the Atlantis in a short but fierce fight off the coast of Zanzibar. Combined with the recent destruction of the Graff Spree, this proved to be a much needed morale booster for the Allies.

The Israeli Defence Forces called up all able bodied males for training. Hundreds of thousands of young Jews volunteered to crush fascism. The native tribes were also quite happy to enlist in the IDF. English was the language that would bind this force together. A training center for the new Royal Israeli Airforce (RIAF) was built not for from the Serengeti Plain. Training first in old WWI bi-planes, and then in Hawker Hurricanes, the infant RIAF would go on to greatly distinguish itself in the years to come.

The manufacturing centers of Port Shalom, Mamodan, and New Jerusalem began churning out the first tanks that the IDF would employ in a variaty of conditions. Using imported metals from South Africa, the old textile mills of these cities were converted for concentrated effort for victory. The highly developed railways of Eastern and Southern Africa were soon groaning under the weight of war material as South Africa and Israel fully established themselves as bullworks of Imperial democracy.

The Mossad (Israeli intelligence), had started as a nucleus of advisors attatched to native tribes. At the start of the war, a proposal was brought to Levi Eshkol to turn the Mossod into a spy service.

10,000 men from the IDF were soon being deployed to France. They had little to do at first. There was nothing more than a "Phony War" on....which was about to change for the worst.


The year 1940 was to be one of tragedies and triumphs. Of blood, toil, sweat, and tears. It was to, literally see the finest hour of Israel's sons. In early 1940, it was established by Project Sampson that an actual bomb could be built in January 1940. The administrator of the Project, William George Penny, was delighted to report the findings back to London.

The calm brought on by the Phony War ended as Germany unleashed Blitzreig on Europe. Norway and Denmark were quickly overrun. This was follwed in spring with the conquest of Luxembourg, the Netherlands, Belgium, and France.

The IDF resisted valiently, and took many a German with them. But soon, they were bottled in at Dunkirk with the thousands of trapped British, South African, and French troops.

Mordechai Anielewitz, the commanding officer in charge of the IDF detatchment, ordered his men to resist with all the fury of a wounded, cornered lion. And resist they did. IDF raids were a major detrement to the Germans, and bought the time necessary to evacuate the port. Anielewitz was the last Commonwealth officer to leave the blood stained beaches, but he vowed to return one day.

The fall of Western Europe sent shock waves through Israel. Fearing that Hitler would attempt to seize the colonies of France and Belgium, Israeli troops moved in and occupied the Belgian Congo in June of 1940. This was also done to completely secure the uranium deposits of that strategic colony.

That same month, Mussolini, eager to buy himself the spoils of war at the expected peace conference, declared war on France (as she was falling), and Great Britain. French troops utterly bloodied the Italians in the first town in which they chose to give resistance.

Humiliated, Mussolini ordered the Duke of Aosta, the commander of all Italian forces in East Africa, to invade the Sudan and cut the important Cape-to-Cairo railway. On July 4, taking advantage of his numeratical superioriry, Lieutenant General Guglielmo Nasi struck westward into the Sudan, advancing 300 miles and taking several border towns. Nasi also overran British Somalailand, forcing the British to evacuate Bebera for Aden. Mussolini then thundered of how his Roman Empire would grow to rival Trajan's.

The Israelis viewed the Italians with utter contempt, and rightly so. Despite having 370,000 soldiers and sailors in the region, and 400 aircraft, the Italians lacked modern day weapons. Their Askaris fought well hand-to-hand, but lacked the training to deal with being bombed or srafed.

The IDF, by contrast, numbered well over 275,000 men, and they were backed up by additional troops from South Africa (which contributed another 75,000 men). Then there were the 50,000 men from the Gold Coast, Nigeria, and Sierra Leone (the troops of the King's African Rifles [KAR]).

The Israelis were also extremely well trained, and well motivated. They wasted no time in going after the Italians. Mordechai Anielewitz, now a Major General in the IDF, led the first assault.

On November 15, 1940, the IDF opened up the assault into Italian Somaliland with the seizure of El Wak, a fortefied border town. Over the next week, further IDF raids cleared away numerous Italian garrisons in southern Ethiopia. In New Jerusalem, the Lion of Judah waited patiently for the Israelis to liberate his country.

The Italians had been utterly shattered at El Wak. From then on, it was as close to a cakewalk as campaigns come. By the end of December, Israeli forces had entered Mogadishu, the capital Somaliland. Anielewitz didn't bother taking the Italians prisoner. Virtually all were just glad to out of the war. They would spend the rest of the war "volunteering" on special kibbutzes instead.

The rapid Israeli success allowed for the Royal Navy to recapture British Somaliland in early 1941. The recapture was very easy, not least because the RIAF had wiped out the Italian air base at Diredawa, 300 miles away. The new air superiority utterly demoralized the Italian forces. Many askaris simply melted away, defecting to the IDF. In early February, British and Indian foces advanced into Eritrea, taking several major fortifcations with the extensive help of the RIAF. Mossad agents showed their true value, convincing thousands more Askaris to desert the fight. Many Mossad agents had been former traders in Italian East Africa, and knew the languages and customs well.

By March 30, the British were on the road to Addis Ababa. My mid-April, 1941, the Italians had had enough. The Duke of Aosta surrendered to Major General Anilewitz on April 15, 1941. Emperor Haile Salasie returned to his throne. In a related development, the Emperor asked for Israeli assistance in rebuilding his shattered country. This was to be the basis of the great postwar plans that would reshape Africa for all time.

The Battle for East Africa was won. Now, the IDF had a much tougher fight ahead of them in the sands of North Africa.

On September 13, 1940, Italian forces invaded Egypt from Libya. Three days later, they had reached Sidi Barrani, where they began to fortify their gains.

The South African and Israeli forces in East Africa were immedietly redepolyed to Egypt, greatly bolstering the Commonwealth forces already there. Fresh from crushing the Italians in Ethiopia and Italian Somaliland, Major General Anielewitz began his assault on October 15, 1940. Operation Trumpledor began with an advance by General Maurice Rose's 1st Armored Division within the IDF.

Rose, the son of American Jews who had immigrated to East Africa in the early 1900s, proved to be his worth in gold. By October 27, not only had the Italians been thrown out of Egypt by the IDF, but the town of Solum had been taken. Marshall Graziani was thrown into a panic as over 20,000 Italians were taken prisoner by the IDF and their Commonwealth allies. Siddi Barrani fell the same day as Solum, and General Rose stopped in order to firmly establish his supply lines. The RIAF and RAF flew round-the-clock missions against the Italians, who melted back into Libya. The Western Desert Force became XIII Corps.

By November, Rose was ready to continue into Libya. Smashing the Italians backwards, the IDF, aided by the 4th Indian, the Australian 6th Division, and the South African 12th Division (comprised mostly of soldiers from former Lower Rhodesia), captured Tobruk and Bardia, and encircled the Italians at Beda Fromm, capturing some 25,000 men, 200 artillary peices, 100 tanks, and another 1500 vehicles. The pathetic remants of the Italian force retreated to El Agheila by December 9.

Hitler, angered at having to bail out Mussolini, but not wanting a bunch of Jews menacing his Fortress Europe, activated the newly formed Deutsches Afrikakorps, commanded by Erwin Rommel. The trains that transported the men of the Afrika Korps were decked out with anti-semetic grafiti. One succinct message stated: "We're going to Africa to destroy the Jews."

In January 1941, Rommel launched his first assault against the Allied armies advancing towards El Agheila. Facing him was General Rose. The two tankmen fought to a standstill. In the end, Rose was forced to withdraw due to his precariously overstretched supply lines. Rommel advanced forward, only to meet stiff resistance every step of the way. Israeli Hurricanes and German Messcherschmidts fought for the right to strafe each other's colummns. To call the fighting intense between the Germans and the Israelis intense was an understatement, to say the least. One German soldier wrote in his diary: "The Jews are supposed to be subhumans, but they fight more like superhumans. Clearing those bastards out of Bardia cost us plenty."

By February 1941, Rommel had retaken all of Libya except for Tobruk, which was manned by the IDF. Several failed attempts to seize the port resulted in a seige.

XIII Corps attempted to releive the port in Operations Brevity and Battleaxe, both of which failed. However, a raid by South African Commandos and Israeli Maccabees (Israeli special forces) succeeded in destroying several tonnes of Axis munitions, giving the IDF forces bottled down in Tobruk some breathing room. Arthur Wavell was replaced as overall commander by Claude Auchinleck. The overall Allied field command became the British Eighth Army. Besides the remaining forces of the IDF (bolstered by over 100,000 fresh recruits from the homeland), the Eighth Army included two divisions of South Africans, several divisions of South Africans and New Zealanders, and a brigade of Free Frech under Marie-Pierre Koenig.

From March 4 to April 17, 1941, Operation Crusader under Generals Anielewitz, Rose, and Cunningham succeeded in releiving Tobruk and driving Rommel back to El Agheila. Unlike in OTL, the German garrisons at Bardia and Sollum were also recaptured.

By May of 1941, bolstered by fresh Israeli brigades, and not lacking the Australian, New Zealander, and Indian regiments that were sent to their homelands when the Japanese were menacing them, the Eighth Army was able to advance again. In the Second Battle of El Agheila in mid-May, 1941, Generals Rommel and Rose faced off again. This time, Rommel was the one who was forced to withdraw, despite an influx of new supplies. Hand-to-hand fighting between the Israelis and Germans was among some of the most brutal in the entire war. Taking prisoners was rarely practised by either side. The fierce fighting masked the massive buildup of supplies that the Allies were building up behind the bulge that the Israelis had set up.

Rommel was succinctly ordered by Berlin not to give an inch of ground to the "Anglo-Jewish vermin." Rommel never got the chance to follow that order. His staff car was strafed by an RIAF Spitfire on June 3, 1941. The Desert Fox, as his friends and adversaries had begun to call him, died of his extensive wounds two days later. The Afrika Korps began its long retreat.

It it was a very brutal and bloody retreat. The Germans and Jews clashed in one brawl after another across the length and width of Cyrenaica and Tripoltania. Tripoli fell in August 1941. Hitler by this time was focused on his invasion of the USSR, which he had traitorously attacked on June 22. However, this didn't stop him from sending more men into the African meat grinder to try and destroy the Jews, whom Hitler hated with a pathological fury that made his ades shrink before him. As propaganda minister Joseph Goebbels noted in his diary after Hitler got word of the fall of Tripoli: "The Fuhrer is quite right about the threat of the Jewish disease. Should they win this war, they will multiply ceasesly until mankind is incurably corrupted. At the very least, we shall not have this problem with the Slavs......"

For the Afrika Korps, flesh and munitions could only hold out so long. Retreating into Tunisia, the Germans resisted as doggedly as they could at the hated Jewish enemy, which repaid every blow in kind. "The men do not take prisoners. And who can blame them? They're fighting an enemy that views them only with the desire to exterminate. Should we not respond in kind?" wrote General Anielewitz in his diary as the IDF crossed into Tunisia after the Germans in September 1941, with the Commonwealth forces straining to keep up with them. On October 1, 1941, the last members of the much vaunted Afrika Korps retreated on Italian boats back to Fortress Europe. Hitler threw an immense tantrum when he heard of this loss. "Spittle and froth flowed liberally from his jaw as he screamed his head off about Germany's failures. This must be a frightening development for him. If the Jews can beat us in armed combat, then our whole idea about race might be wrong." one aid of Hitler's recorded in his diary.

With the securing of Libya, and the rolling back of pro-Axis forces in the Middle East, the British began to work on swaying the Vichy forces in Algeria and French Equitorial Africa to switch sides. This came as German forces occupied Vichy France itself in November 1941, fearing an inevitable Allied attack. That same month, IDF forces seized the Italian island of Pantelleria. Mussolini, having lost his entire African empire, began a rapid descent into ill-health. Slowly, one-by-one, the Vichy French began to defect to the Allied side, not least due to the smashing victory that the Commonwealth Forces had won in North Africa. Plus, the regeime in Vichy itself was now truely a German puppet, if not already. Admiral Francious Darlan was among the last holdouts. A Free French assassin ended the last block towards Allied consolidation over the African continent.

On December 7, 1941, the Japanese attack on Pearl Harbor, Hawaii brought the United States into the war. World War II was now truely a global conflict. The Japanese began also stuck Malaysia and Singapore that day. With an influx of fresh Commonwealth troops from Africa, the British prepared to implement Operation Matador with strikes into Thailand to preempt a Japanese attack on Malaysia and Singapore itself. Over 50,000 Israeli and South African troops were dispatched from North Africa to Malaysia to aid in the Operation.

Maurice Rose was awarded the Victoria Cross for his role in the destruction of the Afrika Korps, as was Mordachai Anielewitz. This triumph was overshadowed breifly in mid-December, 1941, when Joseph Trumpledor died of a stroke at his home in New Jerusalem. Paul von Lettow-Vorbeck gave the eulogy for his friend, as a monolith to the founder of the old JDF was laid to rest.

Now that the continent of Africa was free of and Axis presence, the war would come to Fortress Europe.


After the destruction of the Axis forces in Africa, things began to quiet down for the Israelis. An attempt to aid the British forces in Asia against the Japanese onslaught proved to be a failure as the Israeli Navy was bloodied by Japanese aircraft and submarines in the Indian Ocean. The Navy was ordered home for the time being.

However, the IDF and the South Africans proved invaluable in Malaysia, where they managed to delay the Japanese advance through Malaysia. Operation Matador only ended when Japanese air and naval power proved to be too overwhelming. The delay, however, was crucial in allowing William Slim to adequetaly prepare defences in Burma. Using his observations from Operation Matador to full effect, Slim avoided full frontal assaults on the Japanese, and used air cover effectivally. As a result, the Japanese were prevented from advancing further than Rangoon. As more reinforcements from India arrived, Slim, commanding XV Corps, began to slowly push back againt the Japanese onslaught.

The Israelis participated major operation in the first half of 1942. Of all the French colonies, Madagascar remained the last pro-Vichy holdout. So, in April of 1942, the Israelis and the South Africans invaded and quickly occupied the island, in order to prevent the Japanese from getting any kind of a toe-hold on the strategic locale. The South Africans agreed to administer the island for the time being. The Israelis had enough on their plate with Somalia (former Italian and British Somaliland) and the Congo.

The Germans had conquered a sizable chunk of the Soviet Union. But what to do with the Slavs? The Slavs were all designated as subhumans [without any Jews, the Slavs are now considered the prime target of Nazi brutality; the few Jews still in Europe are already dead].

The Wannsee Conference, held in January of 1942, was designed to answer these questions. Adolf Eichman was granted the duty of carrying out the goal of extermination. Such cleansing would take place in special camps. Numerous such camps already existed

Project Sampson continued on schedual. After the Battles of the Coral Sea and Midway ended the Japanese threat to Australia, Woomera became the site for the Commonwealth's contruction facility. Tel Aviv was the administrative center, where the uranium was refined to build the ultimate weapon.....scientists from all over the Commonwealth were stationed in Israel and Australia....always working. With the intelligence that the British had shared with him, Franklin Roosevelt ordered the launch of the Manhattan Project in 1942. Heavy British aid allowed for the Americans to jump start their program. Some of the men stationed at Los Alamos were Mossad and M15 agents....watching to make sure that none of the research found its way to the Soviets.

Prime Minister Churchill wanted dearly to open up a front in Europe. With the American deployment to Algeria, Tunisia, and Libya in May of 1942, such a front could be realized. Churchill wanted the front to be in the "Soft Underbelly of Europe." The only question would be wether it would be in Italy or the Balkans. Mossad and OSS agents were soon engaged in Operation Mongoose-confusing the enemy greatly as to the target of the invasion. Generals Anielwitz and Auchinleck were ordered to Egypt. Hitler promtly ordered three divisions to occupied-Greece. The Allies did much to encourage the rumor. Fake football matches were held by fake infantry units. Fake wedding notices were posted for non-existant troops. The Israelis contructed dummy tanks, army barracks, and airfields. From their sources in Cairo, the Germans prepared for an onslaught in the Balkans.

Of course, that's what the Allies wanted them to think.

The idea of a Second Front (which Stalin was demanding of his allies), got a field test at the French Channel town of Dieppe. On August 18, Israeli Maccabees, American Rangers, along with British and South African Commandos, (the Israelis and South Africans in particular were considered the best of the Allied special forces units), raided the the town. The raid was an utter success, not least because the Israelis and South Africans had demanded, and got, the right to individually seize the innitiative in the mission. Plans went ahead on planning a return to France....where General Anielewitz had vowed to return.

Mussolini's troubles only grew and grew. Italy had now utterly lost her empire. The Italians now depended on their German "ally" for oil, among other things. The vast majority of Italians only wanted the war to end. Mussolini was beginning to lose control.

Hitler feared this greatly. Operation Alaric was drafted in May as the plan to occupy Italy in the worst-case scenario.

The worst-case scenario came on September 2, 1942, as Operation Torch, the invasion of Sicily was launched. American, British, Canadian, Israeli, and South African forces invaded along a broad front.

The news of the Allied landings shocked the Italians. For the members of the Fascist Grand Council, it was the straw that broke the camal's back. On September 4, Mussolini was arrested by orders of the Council. Marshall Pietro Badoglio became Prime Minister, at the urging of King Victor Emmanuel. A few days later, Italy officially surrendered to the Allies. Jubilation erupted amongst the Italians.

Unfortunately, the Germans had other ideas. Operation Alaric went into affect as German troops occupied the Italian boot. But it was too late to secure Sicily. Messina had been occupied by the IDF, at the urging of General Rose. This denied the Germans the chance to land on the island. The remnants of the Italian armed forces eagerly defected to the Allies. Prime Minister Badoglio and the House of Savoy was forced to flee Naples on a South African destroyer as the Germans closed in. Sardinia, Corsica, and the lower 2/3rds of the Italian Boot were in Allied hands by late October. Field Marshall Kesselring, the overall German military commander in Italy, was forced to pull back steadily as Allied armies began their long march up the Boot.

In the later part of 1942, the German and Soviet armies at Stalingrad marched towards their respective destinies.

In Israel itself, total mobilzation had occured. Every able-bodied male civilian was in the IDF. The automobile and textile factories were converted to churning out tanks, aircraft, and jeeps. Nummberless guns and countless tonnes of ammunition. The booming industrial economy in both Israel and South Africa shook off the last effects (and there were not that many) of the Depression.

The Israeli administrators in the Congo and Somalia began contruction of roads, schools, hospitals, and other nesecities of civilized life. Israeli ideas waffed across these two administrative zones like the smell of freshly cooked gafilte fish. The Israeli and South African attempts at mining the precious minerals of the Congo brought large-scale development to that portion of the world.

For the native Somalis and Congolese, such luxuries made the prospects of going back under colonial rule of any kind all the more odious.


January 1943 brought news of the fall of Naples, which the Germans had ruthlessly rigged with explosives and other booby-traps. It took weeks to properly secure the city and repair its port.

In a seperate action, the Israeli Navy assisted in the liberation of Rhodes, which the Germans had seized only two years earlier.

February brought news of the anihilation of the German 6th Army at Stalingrad. From then on, the Reich's armies in the East would be on a retreat that would make the fall of the Afrika Korps look like a hiccup. But the grim job of slaughtering Poles, Ukranians, Czechs, Great Russians, Roma and Senti, and Belarusians would continue. Even as the Reich's transportation systems strained under the job of fighting a war and commiting genocide, the horrific task would continue.

Mossad agents began to slip into Western Europe, to aid the burgeoning resistance movements. The Mossad had trained the Czech expatriates who had killed Reinhard Heydrich in May of 1942. In addition to crippling the German Norsk hydroelectric plant in Norway, Mossad agents contented themselves with directing increasingly bolder and bolder attacks. Klaus Barbie, the Butcher of Lyons, died under the guns of the French Resistance in March of 1943 thanks to the Mossad's intelligence.

Of all the nations of conquered Europe, Denmark was unique. To maintain Danish cooperation, the Jews of that nation had not been harmed. ITO agents had failed to get any Danish Jews to immigrate before the war. They were an integral part of the Danish nation, after all. But after the fall of that nation in 1940, 8,000 Jews remained trapped under German domination. But they remained under the protection of the Danish people. The German administrators decided it to be more trouble than it was worth to seize them.

But as news came of the IDF's defeat of the Afrika Korps, and other IDF actions, the pressure mounted. Hitler personally ordered the Jews of that nation liquidated. A mole in the German Foreign Ministry alerted members of the Danish government. Aided by Mossad agents, the Danes succeeded in evacuating all 8,000 Jews to neutral Sweden aboard fishing boats. Hitler threw yet another tantrum. The only major concentration of Jews in Europe had escaped him. This episode led to a huge increase in Israeli-made arms to the Danish resistance, among other things.

The summer of 1943's big news was the fight for Monte Cassino, a fortified monestary on the road to Rome. A stalemate ensued, until Israeli Maccabees and South African Commandos (reafirming their legendary status) attacked and eliminated the main part of the German garrison, allowing for the Allies to seize the monestary without having to destroy it. By June of 1943, the Allies were in Rome. The Germans continued their retreat northwards....doing their best to cause as much pain to the advancing Allies as possible....especially to the blasted IDF.

Benito Mussolini had been arrested after his fall from power. The former Duce had been turned over the Allies at the insistance of the IDF. He was now interred in Cyprus, guarded by Italian-Jewish expatriates that he had driven from his nation in the late '30s. They took delight in taunting the tinpot Caesar at every opportunity. Keeping his legs shackled, the guards denied him visitors. In the end, he was found hanging from his cell on July 11, 1943.

No great loss.

With the rapid progress that the Allies had been making in Italy, Churchill brought up his desire to liberate the Balkans before the Soviets could get anywhere near them. The Israelis had already liberated Rhodes, after all. But Churchill found himself overuled by the Allied Supreme Commander, Dwight Eisenhower. A Second Front should come in Europe. But not to the Balkans. General Anielewitz fully backed Ike. He wanted to go back to France. Badly.

In Italy, the Allies had reached the Arno Line, and were busy hacking it to bits. The IDF's routine hadn't changed. Prisoners were rarely taken. Working in tandum with their South African comrades-in-armes, the Israelis proved once and for all the utter stupidity of the German racial dogmas. Leading the charges, the Israelis and South Africans punched through the Arno Line in August, and through the Gothic Line-Kesselring's grand fortefication, in September. Winnie, eager for the Western Allies to be in Vienna, urged them forwards. In the end, Generals Mud and Winter ground the fighting in northern Italy to a halt.

In Russia, the Germans were crushed in the Battle of Kursk. Soviet forces began their surge towards the Reich.

In October, Mossad agents assasinated Ante Pavelich, the sadistic head of the Croatian Ustashe, which had fallen on the Serbs in an orgy of bloodshed.

Plans continued to be drafted for Operation Overloard-the invasion of Western Europe. While all this was going on, Operation Fortitude was launched, in the spirit of Operation Mongoose. The Israelis proved to be the perfect actors in the scheme. Anywhere they were rumored to land was sure to gain Hitler's fullest attention. The Fuhrer, still in a dangerous rage after the news came to him of Mussolini's death in an Israeli prison, bought every rumor of possible Israeli deployments hook, line, and sinker. Rumors came that the Jews would strike at Norway. Hitler kept several divisions stationed around Trondheim. Rumors came that the Jews would strike at Greece. Hitler kept several divisions around Athens. Rumor came that the IDF would be deployed to several points around the Balkans. Hitler stationed heavy divisions around each locale (there were around 7 possible landing points leaked to the Germans by the British and Israelis).

Once again, it was what the Allies wanted the Germans to think.

At Los Alamos, Mossad agents tipped off the Americans that one of the scientists, one Klaus Fuches, was a Communist. Fuches dissapeared from the site [it should be mentioned that the Rosenburgs now live in New Akko, while David Greenglass is at Woomera].

The end of 1943 brought new optimism to the Allied cause. Italy was all but liberated, the Russians were pushing the Germans out of their country kilometer by bloody kilometer, and the Japanese were being pushed back in Asia and the Pacific. 1944 would be the year when the nails began to fall into the coffin of Hitler's Thousandd Year Reich.


Preparations for Operation Overlord began in earnest. The spring of 1944 was schedualed as the tentative time period for the invasion.

The Allies would land in Normandy. The Americans at Omaha and Utah Beaches, the British and Canadians would land at both Juno and Gold. The Israelis and South Africans would land at Sword. Mordachai Anielewitz would keep his 1940 vow to return.

Maurice Rose was withdrawn from Italy in order to play his part in Operation Fortitude. The man who had beaten Rommel was put in charge of an utterly mythical detatchmant of the IDF. The Germans soon got a juicy tidbit to report to Hitler. Maurice Rose would be in charge of the real assault at Calais; Normandy would be the site of diversionary raids only. It appeared that the typically-devious Jews wanted the Germans to be fooled into thinking that their assault on Calais would gain releif through the diversion at Normandy.

Oh how Hitler gloated. Those damned Jews weren't so clever after all. When the Israelis began their assault, they'd find the main German forces solidly entrenched at Calais, waiting for them.

The Allies sighed with relief. Hook, line, and sinker.

June of 1944 would be the target date. Hopefully, the Channel would cooperate.

In Italy, the overall Allied Commander, Sir Harold Alexander, began his assault against Kesselring. Italian partisans, aided by the now ubiquitous Mossad agents, upped their ante against the German occupiers. Florence fell. With the aid of the partisans, Milan, Pisa, Bologna, Verona, and Venice were soon in Allied hands. The Brenner Pass was within reach.

The IDF was slowly being withdrawn to England in preparation for Operation Overlord. Churchill's pressure to drive to Vienna began to slacken as Normandy replaced Vienna in importance.

Field Marshall Kesselring was ordered not to give up one inch of Italian soil to the "Jewish-Allied vermin." But the constant partisan attacks, combined with the drangon's breath of the Allied armies, led Kesselring to bow to the inevitable. He surrendered to the British in late April of 1944. Italy, except for a few small chunks, was free of the invaders. Fresh divisions of the IDF were soon deployed to Italy to replace the veterans, who had departed for Britain.

Alexander then drew up a plan to go for the Brenner Pass. Hitler was starting to lose control. He spent more and more time huddled in his Berlin bunker, as the RAF, USAAF, and, to a lesser extent, RIAF, pounded the capital to rubble.

The Soviets were busy consolidating the Ukraine and liberating the Baltic states. The first horrific discoveries were being made. Babbi Yar, a ravine outside of Kiev, was discovered to contain the bodies of thousands of innocent Ukranian civilians. Whole sections of the Ukraine were devoid of people. It appeared that the worst had come to pass. The Russians, from then on, were far more unwilling to take prisoners. The drive to the west began in earnest.

Harold Alexander planned to make raids into the Balkans to coordinate with the Normandy invasion. There wasn't too much more he could do until more reinforcements from Israel and South Africa were deployed. His best units were going to England, or being earmarked for an attack on the south of France. The new units of the IDF gained their baptism of fire in the seizure of the port of Trieste, where Fascism's grandfather, Gabriel D'unzzio had birthed the nefarious movement.

Yugoslavia hardly required a large Allied invasion. The Yugoslavs, under Tito and Mikhailovich were doing an excellent job of liberating themselves. The Germans still had large divisions encamped at Dubrovnik, Split, Hvar, Vis, and Cetinje waiting for invasions that never would come. The Mossad proved instrumental in gunrunning operations to the Yugoslavs.

June 6, 1944 brouught D-Day. Right on cue, the IDF and the South Africans landed at Sword, and captured the city of Caen (which would have taken another month to take in another universe). Bellowing "Amcha!" and "BuLala!"
respectivally, the Israelis and South Africans battled the crack 21st Panzer outside the city. General Anielewitz fought with all the ferocity that he could muster, leading from the front lines. A lucky German shell put an end to Mordachai Anielewitz's illustrious career, but he had managed to keep his promise. Maurice Rose soon arrived to take over.

Hitler held the large German divisions at Calais for another five agonizing days, by which time it was too late. Mid-June had Hitler still thinking that Normandy was a diversion. But by then, the Allied armies had broken out of the beach heads and linked up. Late June and July had the Allies consolidate their territory in northern France, as Brittany was liberated, even as the hedgerows bedeviled the Allied armies.

July 20 had seen Hitler surviving an attempt on his life. The Devil protects his own, they say. Walther Model, Hitler's fireman (named that for his ability to handle crisis situations), was brought in to salvage the disaster now facing the Germans in France.

August saw the German Fifth Panzer Army and Seventh Army surrounded and utterly destroyed in the Argentan-Falaise pocket. The IDF and the South Africans, mostly veterans of Italy, proved instrumental in plugging the hole. 75,000 Germans were trapped. An attempt by Model to break them out failed, and the Germans suffered their worst defeat since the end of the Italian campaign.

The rest of August saw the American, British, Israeli, and South African armies driving across France. Paris was finally free again, and spared the destruction that Hitler had planned for it. Soon, the only thing stopping the Allies from moving past Verdun was the lack of fuel. The Allies had also landed in southern France during this time.

A sore point remained among the Allies. Charles de Gaulle, now back in Paris, angrilly demanded that Madagascar be returned to French control. After much feet dragging, the island was recognized as French again.

The Israelis and South Africans found themselves aiding the British and Canadians in their drive to invest the Channel Ports. Belgium was invaded, with Brussels falling on September 1. Antwerp, the all-important port, fell soon afterwards before the Germans could demolish the docks and wharves. The Israelis and South Africans cleared the Germans out of the 60-mile Schelde Estuary, allowing for the free flow of supplies to and from the key port. Logistics became much more easier. Optmism abounded in the Allied armies. Plans to drive into Germany itself were drawn up.

To the east, the Soviets had entered Poland, where evidence of atrocities to rival Stalin's gulags were discovered. The sight of so many emaciated Polish, Roma, and other Slavic survivors of the extermination camps led many Soviets to gun down every German that they could find.

Meeting with General Eisenhower in Brussels, General Bernard Law Montgomery, who had distinguished himself in the Italian campaign, drew up a new scheme to bring the war to Germany itself, through the generous use of the Allied parachutists who had not seen action since D-Day. The Allied 1st Airborne included the US 101st Airborne, the US 82nd Airborne, a Polish brigade, and the Israeli Trumpledor Regiment. The plan called for the Allied 1st Airborne to sieze a series of bridges and canals after landing along a highway connecting the Dutch cities of Eindoheven, Nijmegan and Arnhem. This was the phase of the venture called Market. Phase Garden called for the South African, Israeli, and British armored forces to drive through this passageway 99 miles to the Zuider Zee, the wheel around to the east, outflanking the West Wall, and go on to seize the Ruhr.

It was a very bold proposal. Eisenhower, itching to use the airborne reserves, approved it. September 17 was the jump-off date. With the Schelde Estuary already cleared, things would go much smoother.

The landings were a success, although intense resistance from the 9th SS Panzer Division was harsher than expected. The Trumpledor Brigade proved instrumental to the Americans in seizing the bridge over the Waal. Israeli and South African tanks soon led the way in the Commonwealth attack, with Maurice Rose at the healm. The 9th SS put up a stuborn fight, but it was nothing the victor of El Agheila coulnd't handle. Clearing the new corridor, the Commonwealth forces had managed to clear their objectives. The operation, feared by some Allied strategists as too risky, gave the Allies the Ruhr. Germany's industrial heartland was now in Allied hands.

Sepp Dietrich and Walther Model both commited suicide over their failures. Hitler collapsed on the floor of his bunker in utter agony. "The war is lost!" This was the first time he had uttered those words. Jews had smashed through some of the best of the Whermacht. Jews!

Adolf Hitler, for the rest of the war, remained huddled in his bunker, steadily losing touch with reality. Occasionaly ranting at aids for imaginary offenses, and more than often starring into space glassy eyed, Hitler began to lose all control of his basic functions.

Germany had been utterly sapped by this latest setback. The fall of the Ruhr was confunded as Allied troops managed to seize the city of Aachen. The bell was rapidly tolling on all fronts. In the east, the Russians were in Warsaw and marching into East Prussia. In the Balkans, the Yugoslavs were laying seige to the German troops still encamped with their Croat allies. The IDF had driven the Germans, with the aid of the British and the Israeli Navy, out of the Dodencanese Islands, and off of Crete. With their landing in Athens, the Germans simply melted away, except for the fanatical Nazis who stayed to get butchered by the Israelis. General Alexander had cleared the Brenner Pass, and was on the road to Innsbruck. Everything was rapidly falling apart.

With the Ruhr secured, and with supplies flowing from Antwerp uninterupted, the Allies began moving deeper into Germany. The Remegan Bridge was seized, and the entire Rhineland was soon lost. Israeli troops took personal joy in ransacking the home where Joseph Goebeles had grown up. Cologne fell. Frankfurt fell. Stuttgart fell. Rotterdam fell. Kassel fell. Amsterdam fell.

By mid-October, Innsbruck had fallen, and Commonwealth forces were on their way towards Salzburg. Numberless Allied soldiers were crossing the Rhein into the German heartland.

Israeli officials met with the provincal Belgian government in late October to discuss the status of the Congo. The Belgians wanted it back. The Israelis reminded the Belgians that their infastructure was utterly devastated. They would have a hard enough time putting themselves back together again, much less running a part of Africa that had been little more than the stomping grounds of the King. In the end, the Belgians reluctanly relented. Until the Congo could gain a responsible self-government, the Congo would stay under their jurisdiction. The government in New Jerusalem quickly passed laws forbidding any civilian settlements in the Congo to underscore the point.

Alerted by Mossad agents, the RIAF and RAF plastered Peenmunde, where research for the V-1 and V-2s, which had ravaged London throughout the year, had gone on. Several German rocket scientists were killed.

The rest of 1944 was spend tearing the Reich to peices. Allied forces in the west were now approaching the Weser River. Israeli and South African forces siezed Emden, Wilhelmshaven, and Bremen. Hamburg was now in sight.

During this time, William Slim began his drive on Singapore, echoing the Japanese advance over two years earlier. The city would fall in January 1945, restoring British pride greatly.

East Prussia was soon lost to the Germans, as the Soviets cut a fairly vengeful swath across that region that would have made Sherman himself take note.

Hitler was no longer really in touch with reality anymore.

Winston Churchill was now pressuring for a drive on Berlin. Winnie had no desire to see the Russians encamped there first. The Commonwealth forces in North Germany now had one final goal: March on Berlin!

For the Israeli soldiers camped in Bremen, this would be their last great trek of the war. To the south, more of their bretheren were marching on Salzburg. Operation Infinity was drawn up. It called for the quick seizure of Hamburg, followed by a sprint to the German capital before the Russians could cross the Oder. It was set to begin in early December of 1944.

Opposing the Commonwealth forces was Major General Johannes Blaskowitz, who had barely made it out of Amsterdam as the South Africans seized the city. His troops were extremely low on morale. Their cause was utterly empty. The Jews were not subhumans, that much was clear. Making his headquarters in Hamburg, Blaskowitz vowed to resist.

Operation Infinity began with a massive air and aritillary bombardment of the German positions in the early morning hours of December 4, 1944. The Maccabees and Commandos again led the way in taking out the command headquarters and officers. Mossad intelligence crippled the supply depots that the army depended on. The Israelis and British, flanked by the South Africans and Canadians, had Hamburg surrounded by December 8. General Blaskowitz commited suicide even as the city's commandment, General Alvin Woltz, was forced to surrender.

The fall of Hamburg, followed by news that the Allies had taken Bertchesgaden drove Hitler close to his breaking point. He was now huddling in his bunker, speaking to no one but his mistress, Eva Braun. Army Group South, under the command of Fredrich Schultz, was rapidly being squeezed by the Commonwealth-American forces to his south, and the Franco-American armies to the north.

Allied forces in central Germany had begun to discover the camps. Ohrdruf, Buchenwald, Dauchau.....when the Israeli troops saw images of the emaciated Slavic and Roma survivors, they often lost control. On IDF brigade began gunning down the German troops who were trying to surrender.....until General Eishenhower put out specific orders forbidding such acts.

In late December 1944, Somalia, its native tribes placated by promises of autonomy and by the wealth had sprung up through the new investment in infastructure, was officially annexed by the state of Israel. East Africa was now almost etirely an integral part of the Jewish nation.

The rest of 1944 saw the Allies further desembowel the Third Reich. By New Year's Eve, Commonwealth Forces had made it to Wismar. Soviet forces were clearing Pomerania. The Race to Berlin would soon get very interesting indeed......1945 would see the beginings of a Brave New World, even as the old one lay dying on the funeral pryre of Hitler's wretched Reich.


As 1945 dawned, the Allies continued to run rampart over a shattered Germany. Soviet forces were in Vienna (to Chuchill's chagrin). American forces entered Madgeburg. The French and Americans were closing in on Nuremburg. And in north Germany, Commonwealth forces were racing to beat the Soviets to Berlin.

Berlin was one of many topics that came up at the Yalta Conference in January 1945. Roosevelt, Churchill, and Stalin met to settle the boundaries of postwar Europe.

Berlin remained a contentious issue. Stalin and Churchill both had drawn lines in the sand. Roosevelt tried to negotiate. In the end, they agreed that Poland would gain Pomerania, Silesia, and a godly portion of East Prussia. Roosevelt also got Stalin's word that free and democratic elections would be held in Poland and Eastern Europe (which meant that Communism would be the new dominating philosophy, to say the least, as it turned out).

Berlin would be divided into four quarters: Russian, American, British, and French. Germany would be divided into American, British, and French zones of occupation.

Stalin also agreed, at some point, to enter the war against Japan, which was also on the ropes at this point. The Russo-Japanese War was still a memory, after all.

The failure to agree on who would take Berlin spelled out the message loud and clear: whoever took the city would be drawing a line for the future of the world. Commonwealth forces set out from Wismar, and American forces set out from Madgeburg. The Soviets were busy taking their time consolidating their holds over the Balkans, and weren't in as great a rush to take the city.

The Commonwealth's Twenty-First Army Group, under General Sir Bernard Law Montgomery, raced towards Berlin. Israeli, South African, Canadian, and British forces were salivating at the idea of finally putting the Nazi mad-dog down for all time. The Israelis in particular were adamant at wanting Hitler and his surviving minions to pay for their crimes. Himmler had already commited suicide after being captured by South African soldiers, and Goering was in American custody. Goebeles and Bormann were trapped in Berlin with Hitler, whose mind now resembled a child's.

An utterly insane child, to say the least.

The Battle of Berlin occured as Soviet, Commonwealth, and American forces converged on the capital almost simoltaneously. The race for the capital soon became a race for the Reichstag (which was won by Soviet troops). But the Israelis cared heavily about finding the mad-dog (Hitler) who had started this whole war. More than a few of the IDF forces were of German origin. They hadn't forgotton their native country's betrayal.

The fighting was intense. As Lieutenant Joseph Peled wrote in his diary:"By the Brandenburg Gate, as our forces fought their way down the East-West Axis, our tanks came under attack from some Hitler Youth members wielding those sodding rockets....." [panzerfausts] ".....at us. We tried yelling at them to get them to disarm. They of course didn't. Oh, they must have felt so eager to go kill a Jewish 'subhuman' or two. Of course, we had no choice but to machine-gun them. Who in G-d's name sends children to die for a sodding madman? More than that, who in the hell taught them that rubbish in the first place? May G-d have mercy on this sodding country, for we'll give it none." Such thoughts dominated the members of the IDF.

In the end, several Maccabees discovered Hitler's bunker. Blowing down the doors and fighting a confused, desperate battle down the stairwells and in the corridors, the Israelis came across a stooped body with sunken eyes, clad in a ragged greatcoat and wearing a diaper. It was clear that the man had attempted to shave off a mustache, but had done a poor job at it. Blood flowed freely from his mouth, which was open in some horrible, hellish laugh. A blonde woman lay dead beside him. The smell of gunpowder hung lankly in the air. The Maccabees dragged the corpses out with them.

Thus, Adolf Hitler passed onto a far more hotter realm than the Germany he had brought destruction to.

With the end of the war, Africa began to change for the better. In South Africa, the Fagan Commission's recomendation of de-segregation was begininng to be implemented. Prime Minister Smuts embraced those results. He was in little danger of any kind of Afrikaner backlash, as his electoral base was amongst the Enlgish and Jewish colonists.

Israel didn't really have many segregation laws.....enfrancisement had always been based on education and property rights, and the Jews, more than any other group of colonists in Africa, had tried to implement them to actually benefit as many as possible.

Debate had started in Israel on just who constituted a Jew. Numerous tribes, most notably the Tutsis, Ugandan Bantus, and the Mwamunzenti had begun adopting Jewish customs (ranging from a few to many). The Orthodox and Hasidic elements of Israeli society stubornly insisted that a strict biblical interpratation be followed.

But there was a growing number of Jews who were starting to take a more secular approach to life. This manifested itself in the growth of Reform movement, which had spread from the United States. Reformers advocated, among other things, total seperation of "church and state," and relaxing the old tracts frowning on conversions. Besides, many argued, if the natives were denied being recognized as Jews simply due to a lack of Orthodoxy, they could always simply vote away the State of Israel.

Meanwhile, the Knesset voted to accept over 100,000 Polish "DPs" (Displaced Persons). Despite some Conservative resistance, Prime Minister Eshkol got the directive passed. "If we had lacked our beloved refuge, then it would have been us in those camps," said the PM during the floor debate.

Jan Smuts and Levi Eshkol both met in the city of Salisbury in April of 1945 to discuss the future of Africa. Both men had embraced the new United Nations to replace the decrepit League of Nations. Now, they both had several paths in front of them. Israel and South Africa, from the 1930s onward, had developed strong economic ties. The war had led to the industrialization of both nations, and a surging economy in each country as well.

Prime Minister Eshkol suggested that since the great colonial powers of Britain and France had been bankrupted by the great conflict, that they would soon be leaving their colonies. Such a hasty departure could very well create great zones of conflict and civil strife.

Smuts suggested that a new sort of union should be formed to ensure stablity in the expected decolonization rush.

Out of the Salisbury Accords, signed in May of 1945 came the foundation for the entity that has turned Africa into a model of democracy and economic growth. The African Federation was meant to promote a stable zone of economic growth. The State of Israel and the Union of South Africa were the founding members. Each nation in the Federation would remain sovereign, but would be be a vehicle for eventual economic unity. The Federation's Parliament would be in Salisbury, South Africa.

The Kingdom of Ethiopia joined in June of 1945. The Ethiopians were staunch allies of the State of Israel, and the Israelis were already helping Haile Salasie's kingdom develop a stable democratic government, as well as a strong economic foundation. Ethiopian students were taken to the finest Israeli schools.

The Israelis continued to move towards further economic and political enfracisement. The Labour Party led the way, not least because Eshkol saw it as a way to squeeze the Conservatives, who were also forced to embrace the new programs for political survival.

With the defeat of Germany, the Commonwealth's Project Sampson would instead be fully directed at Japan, now in its own death throws. The militarists in the Japanese government, blinded by their own extreme traditions and harsh worldview, refused to yield to the obvious.

Finally, in July of 1945, the first atomic bomb in human history, Herzl, was detonated at Woomera. The world would never be the same again. This was soon followed by the American detonation of its own bomb, Fat Man, at Los Alamos.

In August of 1945, two atomic bombs were detonated over the Japanese cities of Nagasaki (the Commwealth's), and Hiroshima (the USA). Followed by Stalin's invasion of Manchuria, the Kuriles, and Japan's portion of Sakhalin Island. Stalin, feeling cheated by lacking a zone of occupation in Germany (whose borders were now at OTL's present day borders), settled for the consolidation of the buffer states in Eastern Europe conquered by the Red Army.

The African Federation remained staunchly anti-communist. The Jews in particular disliked it, since they had no reason to love Russia, the nation that had begat their 20th century Exodus to East Africa.

In late 1945, the Israelis managed to get an interim parliament elected for the Congo. Economic development had spread to the Congo as a result of the Israeli mining expeditions. The Republic of the Congo, with its capital in Kinshasha, would join the African Federation as a full member in 1950. Until then, it remained an Israeli Trust Territory.

The Polish DPs began arriving in Israel, settling mainly in Mogadishu. South Africa took in over 250,000 DPs during this time, firmly eroding the already fringe National Party, which folded without much fanfare in late 1945. This came as the members of the IDF began returning home in greater numbers. The IDF veterans formed the bedrock of the new Labour election strategy. In the elections of 1945, they ran dozens of veterans as candidates, and solidified their majorities in the Knesset.

The Federation gained its fourth member in November 1945. The Republic of Liberia had close ties to the United States. For a long time it had been one of two free African nations. Now, it was part of a growing family.


This time period saw the beginnings of the "Long Boom"-the economic growth that the African Federation would enjoy for over two decades. The heavy industry of both Israel and South Africa played an important role in driving this growth.

Both Israel and South Africa became fully-fledged nuclear powers during this time, with Israel detonating its first bomb in the Indian Ocean. South Africa, with Israeli aid, became a nuclear power by 1947.

Both Israel and South Africa led the push for a strong British Commonwealth to bind the nations of the British Empire together, in light of the independence of India, Pakistan, Sri Lanka, and Jordan in 1948.

In 1949, both South Africa and Israel joined the NATO Alliance to counteract the Soviet Union.

In 1950, the Republic of the Congo was admitted into the African Federation, becoming a prospoerous exporter of minerals. The Congolese government allowed for the Israelis and South Africans to maintain scientific research stations in the Congo Basin. Among those working there was Dr. Jonas Salk, whose parents had been recruited to immigrate to Israel in the early part of the 20th century. He continued his research into the polio vaccine, among other things. His main competitor was Dr. Hilary Kaprowski, a Polish exaptriate who had come to Mogadishu in 1945.

At the University of Port Shalom, Edwin Land, another American Jewish immigrant, continued his work into new photography and lumination techniques. His work would make Israel a center of the camera industry.....mirroring the United States, a "Baby Boom" had developed in both Israel and South Africa. This was inspired by the returning veterans of World War II. In Israel, they spread out in new settlements and kibbutzim.

This created a serious environmental crisis. The Knesset, in order to save the Big 5 from extiction, began a program of conservation in the form of vast "Preserves."

South Africa was experiencing a new wave of immigration. More immigrants were comming to South Africa from the British Isles, looking for work and warm climes.

By 1950, the African Federation had created a bullwork of democracy and prosperity on the African continent. Levi Eshkol, in his final adress as Prime Minister, urged the State of Israel to "....continue Israel's reputation as a refuge for all those who are despised because they refuse to bow one certain way." This statement would become the basis for Israel's humanitarian foreign policy in the decades to come.

It was a time of transitions. Jan Smuts died in 1950. The giant of African democracy was interred outside the African Federation Parliament in Salisbury, alongside the recently moved crypt of Josepth Trumpledor. David Ben-Gurion led a Conservative revival in 1950. His first major crises would come in that year, as the communist North Koreans, with Stalin's encouragement, invaded South Korea.

Israel and South Africa both responded by joining the UN force setting out to aid the South Koreans. Veterans in both nations were called up. Maurice Rose would get a chance to shine once again in the mountains and valleys of the Korean Peninsula.

"We must look towards Africa. We must look at the State of Israel. We must look at the Union of South Africa. We must look at the members of the African Federation. We must look towards these nations, and ask ourselves: Why can't America enjoy the racial equality that the members of the African Federation enjoy today?"

-Reverend Martin Luther King, Jr. (1959)


The first year of the 1950s was dominated by the Korean War. On June 25, 1950, Communist North Korea invaded South Korea. The United States and the UN decided to intervene.

Israel and South Africa both sent troops to aid the UN force. Maurice Rose was brought out of retirement to lead the IDF in battle.

By August, the situation was becoming desperate. The American Eighth Army had been pushed back to the Pusan Perimeter. The first units of the Israelis and South Africans landed in Pusan in August.

Where the infant American CIA had failed, the Israeli Mossad would succeed. For one, the Mossad had agents who could speak Korean. The influx of fresh Israeli and South African troops is at least one major reason why the NKPA would try and fail to breach the front lines.

Israeli forces under Maurice Rose went ashore at Inchon on September 15, 1950. The IDF began marching with the Americans to Seoul.

The capital of South Korea was recaptured on September 27. The North Koreans had been expelled.

While all this was going on, the famous (or infamous, depending on your point of view) Maccabees were planning their own mission. Led by the elegantly named Moshe Macfarlane David, the Maccabees put a plan in motion to cripple the North Koreans once and for all. Tipped off my the Mossad, David's men made their move in early October, as South Korean forces crossed the 38th parallel in a move to reunite their country, the Maccabees ambushed the plane of Kim Il Sung as he attempted to flee to China. The notorious Korean despot died under the guns of David's men, who barely survived the chase back to UN lines.

This continued the essential Israeli strategy for dealing with enemies:Cut off the head, and eradicate the cancer. Klaus Barbie, Reinhard Heydrich, and Ante Pavelich now had company in the bowels of hell thanks to that Israeli maxim.

Without any sort of leadership whatsoever, the NKPA crumbled as Pyongyang fell to UN forces.

The Mossad alerted the IDF that the Communist Chinese were massing on the border. General Rose reported these findings to MacArthur. The Israelis began feeding misleading intelligence to the PLA. The Chinese were planning their first attack on October 25. They thought that they would be facing Republic of Korea (ROK) forces.

In fact, they would be facing the Israeli 12th Armored Division-which included part of Mordachai Anielewitz's old unit. The Israelis prepared for the onslaught. They were aided by two divisions of South African armored brigades. Once again, the two African nations would be comrades-in-arms.

On October 25, the Chinese surged confidently towards what they assumed were the weakly manned ROK possitions. Instead, they encountered the full fury of the Israelis and South Africans, who fought the Chinese to a standstill. Although severely bloodied, the UN forces held.

This effectivaly prevented the American Eighth Army from being exposed to a Chinese attack. Fresh Israeli and South African divisions bolstered the American forces occupying Unsan. The Chinese, sapped by the mauling they had received at the hands of the Israelis and South Africans, failed to give battle. Little stopped the UN forces from occupying the rest of North Korea. Maurice Rose was careful to deploy ROK forces ahead of the IDF as they approached the Chinese boarder.

In early November, the Chinese attacked yet again. This time, they aimed for the American Eighth Army at Chosan. Tipped off by the Israelis, General MacArthur was well prepared to face the 200,000 Chinese troops that swarmed across the borders. Although briefly overwealmed by the sheer numbers that the Chinese possesed, the American line held.

By this time, the Soviets had long cut their losses with the North Koreans. With the death of Kim Il Sung, there was no regeime to reinstall in Pyongyang, of which there was now little hope of ever recapturing. Mao Zedong, although insenced that his troops had failed to drive the UN forces out of Korea, also began withdrawing their support. While no peace treaty would be signed between the PRC and the ROK until the 1980s, the war had been won. Korea was now completely free. The ROK turned into a staunch American and African Federation ally in the UN thanks to their intervention in the war.

The Israeli Ambassador to the UN, former Prime Minister Levi Eshkol, drafted a resolution to bring the war to an end. The Soviet Union, boycotting over the body's refusal to recognize Communist China, declined to veto the resolution. ROK forces occupied the high ground above the Yalu River. The PRC reluctantly agreed to a Demiliterized Zone (DMZ) that stretched along the entire Yalu River. This was agreed to on January 21, 1951, with accords in New York and Seoul.

Syngman Rhee, now the ruler of a united Korea, requested several IDF brigades stay behind and train the ROK. This was part of a larger agreement with the African Federation, which included a very lucrative trade deal to boost the Korean economy.

Maurice Rose returned yet again in triumph home to the State of Israel. He retired to the settlement of Yad El, not far from Ramwat Dawid. Ramwat Dawid was now the center of the Israeli Military Accademy (IMA), built around the site of the famous 1914 skirmish between the Paul Emil von Lettow-Vorbeck and the old Jewish Defence Force's raw recruits. A secondary accademy was opened at Fort Maccabee, which would become the main training center for the African Federation's Grand Army in 1955.

1951 saw two new nations joining the African Federation. Libya and Tunisia had been under de-facto Commonwealth control since the end of the North African campaign. Tunisia's independence had been recognized by France only as it came under the African Federation's now sizable military umbrella. Libya, receiving extensive Federation aid in developing its infastructure, saw a major boost when South African engineers, drilling for water, discovered what proved to be a huge reserve of petroleum. Such wealth, when mixed with the mineral wealth of South Africa and the Congo, and the heavy industry of both South Africa and Israel, led to a surging economy.

In 1952, Douglas MacArthur rose his heroism from Korea into the Oval Office, as a Republican.

To Volume II


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