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after nearly two months of dealing,
Russia announced that it would be joining Hitler's Axis on this day.
Stalin had ordered his minister Molotov to widen the scope of the
discussions in Berlin to solve potential problems with spheres of
Simultaneously, Soviet ambassadors appeared in Sofia, promising the
Bulgarian Prime Minister that Russia's objection to Bulgaria joining as
well would be withdrawn as per the shared military rights among the Axis
nations. The world was shocked by the news, especially Britain as it faced
the horrors of the Blitz against an even stronger foe.
Hitler, too, was shocked. Months ago, he had ordered "Instruction Number
18" on November 13 to plan for an invasion of Russia to solidify control
of oil reserves and begin the enslavement of the Slavs. Now, Stalin had
agreed to Hitler's terms with a few added secret terms:
• German troops leaving Finland in exchange for guarantee of Soviet peace
with Finland as well as supplies of nickel and wood.
• A mutual assistance treaty Bulgaria.
• The southern boundary of the Soviet Union guaranteed at Baku and Batumi
with special consideration given to Germany to supply oil from Azerbaijan.
• Japanese handover of Sakhalin oil and coal in exchange for compensation
and similar consideration.
• Soviet bases established in Bulgaria.
"Hitler should never have launched Operation
Barbarossa (the invasion of the USSR)that brought Nazi Germany crushing
down.If he had maintained his alliance with Stalin,they might have
defeated the Western powers (US and UK)!But Hitler's quest for lebensraum
and his burning desire to eradicate his ideological nemesis Stalin proved
a catastrophic decision for him!" " - reader's comment
renewed pressure on the Bosporus irked Hitler, the guarantee of oil
impressed him too much. He shelved his invasion plans, for the time, and
met with Stalin in Sofia for the signing ceremony December 7, 1941. Though
unknown at the time, Hitler had also been pressuring Japan into a sneak
attack on the United States, but, seeing his war with Britain over soon,
reneged on the plan, prompting Japanese command to call back the fleet
hours after its launch on November 26. Franklin Roosevelt, wary of the
significance of the diplomatic dealing, referred privately to the signing
of the pact as "a date which will live in infamy".
Hitler realigned his troops into new position and re-activated the
invasion of Britain through Operation Sea Lion for 1942. Though the
Germans were unable to achieve full air superiority, the German Navy
managed to hold off the Royal Navy long enough for the largest amphibious
assault in human history behind a screen of mines. Initially, the Germans
would overcome British defenses, pressing nearly to London, but Churchill
kept his vow of continuing the fight from his bunker beside Parliament and
held the Germans at the GHQ line. While the Royal family was evacuated to
Scotland, thousands of Brits rose up in defiance with sabotage behind
German lines. The Royal Navy and the RAF continually challenged German
superiority at sea and in the air, leaving historians to claim that the
defense of Britain counted as the longest siege of the modern day.
The Invasion of Britain would prove to be Hitler's quagmire. At last the
American people would stand against German aggression as well as Japanese
invasion of the Philippines, sending thousands of troops to the British
lines. Nearly 3.9 million German troops would be involved in the effort,
but the resilience of the British and her allies became unbreakable over
the course of two years. After the introduction of the V-2 rocket, which
struck targets after sub-orbital arches and beyond the speed of sound, the
Germans gained the upper hand by devastating the defending fleets. With
secure supply lines, German forces finally overwhelmed the island. In
1948, Hitler would tour conquered London while the Crown established a
government-in-exile in Canada.
Meanwhile, Stalin began his "liberation" of the Turks from British
influence. The invasion and occupation of Turkey would lead Soviet forces
to further "peacekeeping", marching into the Middle East and securing Iraq
and Iran's rich oil fields. The sites proved instantly rebellious, and
millions would die as Stalin attempted to purge any anti-Soviet thought
from the deeply rooted Muslims. The continual struggle against imperialism
wore down the Russian people, prompting a revolution after the Stalin's
death in 1953.
"Given what they had done in Poland, Lithuania,
Estonia, and Latvia, that had already been my impression. " - reader's
Russia turned on itself, and an aging Hitler finally saw his
chance. He had been held at the Atlantic by Allied submarines, pushing
southward into Africa in association with the Spanish and Italians. In
1955, under the pretext of defending German economic interests and the
pledge of Russian oil, the Red Army marched on Moscow as it had meant to
do 14 years before. While the various parties of Russia had fought one
another, they all agreed upon the goal of ridding Russia of invaders, and
the whole of the nations turned on Hitler.
Atomic bombs, which had been used by Americans to bring down the Japanese
Empire, proved an ineffective strategy for Hitler's army as the peoples of
the former Soviet Union were ubiquitous rather than isolated. It is said
that the stress of the Russian occupation delivered the stroke that killed
Adolph Hitler April 30, 1957, at age 68. Infighting among his potential
heirs weakened the Nazi regime, which would fall apart as Stalin's had
With renewed opportunity, the stalemate across the Atlantic had broken,
and the Allied forces charged into Europe through the rebellion of
Britain. Conquered lands erupted in anti-Nazi revolution, and soldiers
routinely deserted than fight for a colony whose mother country was in
such peril. By 1964, the last Axis government in Bulgaria would surrender,
and World War II would be declared over. Led by the United States, a new
world order under democracy through the United Nations would be attempted
with its founding in 1966.